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The five most common horse coat colors are chestnut, bay, black, grey, and pinto.
One of the rarest colors, a white horse has white hair and fully or largely unpigmented (pink) skin. These horses are born white, with blue or brown eyes, and remain white for life. The vast majority of so-called “white” horses are actually grays with a fully white hair coat.
There are only four basic horse colors. Bay, brown, black and chestnut. Everything else is a variation on these four colors…or the absence of color… giving you white.
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Roan is a horse coat color pattern characterized by an even mixture of colored and white hairs on the body, while the head and “points”—lower legs, mane and tail—are mostly solid-colored. Horses with roan coats have white hairs evenly intermingled throughout any other color.
Sorrel (horse)Chestnut, SorrelA chestnut horseOther namesRed, sorrelVariantsFlaxen, Liver chestnutGenotype
Although second to Thoroughbreds and Quarter horses, Arabian horses are still pretty fast. They are regarded as the third fastest horse breed and have a calm temperament, intelligence, and striking physique to go with it.
By housing the hair follicles and melanocytes, your horse’s skin also determines his color. There are three primary horse color pigments: black, brown and yellow. These pigments can be mixed and matched to create all the equine coat colors.
“True white” horses, especially those that carry one of the dominant white (W) genes, are rare. Most horses that are commonly referred to as “white” are actually “gray” horses whose hair coats are completely white and may be born of any color and gradually “gray” as time goes on and take on a white appearance.
“What we’ve found is that horses can not only read human facial expressions but they can also remember a person’s previous emotional state when they meet them later that day – and, crucially, that they adapt their behaviour accordingly,” says psychologist Karen McComb. “Essentially horses have a memory for emotion.”
This means they distinguish colors in two wavelength regions of visible light, compared to the three-color (trichromic vision) of most humans. In other words, horses naturally see the blue and green colors of the spectrum and the color variations based upon them, but cannot distinguish red.
There are different shades of grulla, ranging from sort of mouse-colored to kind of blue. Basically, it’s a dun horse. A grulla has a dark stripe down it’s spine, shoulder stripes and leg barring.