Because of their high fiber content and low energy value, whole oats have traditionally been a relatively safe feed for horses when compared to other cereal grains such as corn. … Traditional oats contain approximately 9-12% protein, while hull-less oats usually check in at 15-20% protein.
Oats have been traditionally considered a low starch choice in grains; however, this grain is really only low starch when compared with corn. Oats typically contain between 32 and 43 percent starch. … A diet of oats alone would not be sufficient for any horse, and as a weight gain supplement oats are definitely lacking.
Measure feed accurately and feed consistently
The average thousand-pound horse who relies on hay for all their forage typically eats fifteen to twenty pounds of hay per day. Most hay is dispensed in flakes; however, the amount of hay in a flake can vary greatly, depending on the size of the flake and the kind of hay.
The 2% Rule
Experts generally agree that all horses, regardless of activity level, should consume about 2% of their body weight per day in a combination of forage and concentrates (grains). Horses who are doing little to no work should eat closer to 2% of their body weight in forage, with little to no concentrates.
Horses that are fed other grains instead of oats have a higher chance of getting colic. … Oats contain higher levels of fiber than other grains; Oats do not have to be processed in order for them to be safe for horse consumption; When feeding oats over other grains, less protein supplementation is needed.
Oats are a good source of calories, fuel from starch and a decent amount of oil, some protein and amino acids. However, they lack many important nutrients performance horses need to stay in top form.
Rolled oats have been completely flattened and are considered easier for horses to eat. Hulled oats have been removed from the husks and are the most nutritious option because everything you’re feeding is pure oat seed.
Oats, corn, barley, and bran – and pelleted and sweet feeds made of that stuff – are all simple carbohydrates (sugars and starches) that pack a high-calorie punch. … With 40 minutes at most to move through the stomach, these carbs can start getting into the bloodstream and affecting a horse very quickly.
Do a Little Math
At most you can store this feed for about another nine weeks (or 63 days). At 14 pounds per day this equals 882 pounds, or 17.6 50-pound bags.
Yes, you can feed your horse once a day as long as you make sure that the horses has enough feed. You will want to use a slow feeder or automatic feeder to ensure the feed lasts at least twelve hours if possible.
Almost any fruits, and many vegetables, are safe treats for healthy horses. Apples and carrots are traditional favorites. … Most horses will chew these treats before swallowing, but horses that gulp large pieces of a fruit or vegetable have a risk of choking. Remember to cut treats into smaller pieces before feeding.
For example, a 1000 pound horse will eat 15 to 20 pounds of hay daily. That’s the equivalent of roughly one small square bale of 40-60 pounds every few days. The exact number of bales needed for winter feeding will depend on the weight of the bale.