Feeding substantial amounts of wheat bran daily can lead to mineral imbalances. Nutritionists recommend no more than 1 lb per day and emphasize that it is very important to feed adequate calcium when adding wheat bran to the diet.
Horses can be fed up to 20% of their total energy intake as oil, which in real terms means just over 3 cups of oil per day for a 500 kg horse in full work. While this level of oil is useful for horses that tie up, very few horses are fed this much oil per day.
Fallon noted that a bran mash contains non-digestible fiber, such as wheat bran, rice bran, oat husks, and beet pulp. If you do use beet pulp, be sure to soak it thoroughly in warm water. “It is important to soak it before you feed it; don’t just chuck it in the bucket,” Fallon cautioned.
Wheat Bran is High in Calories
For a starch sensitive horse in hard work or a horse needing to gain weight then using a proportion of bran can be a useful strategy.
Rice bran is a rich source of fat (rice oil), several B vitamins, and phosphorus. Most laboratories estimate the fat content of raw rice bran at between 20 and 25%. … Raw (unstabilized) rice bran should not be fed to horses due to palatability problems and digestive upset which may result from rancid fat or spoilage.
Bran is believed to have a laxative effect in people, but to get the same effect in a horse, you’d have to feed huge amounts of it-more than he could eat. Some horses do produce softer stools the day after eating bran, but this probably reflects bran’s tendency to irritate the lining of equine intestines.
The common vegetable oils used in horse feeds are corn oil, soy oil and flax oil (linseed oil). Canola oil, sunflower oil, coconut oil and palm oil are also used, but less frequently.
For boosting calories and keeping omega balance in check, canola or soybean oil would be a far better choice than corn oil,” explained Whitehouse. Fish oil has superior fatty acid content, with an omega-3 to omega-6 ratio of 6:1, but it is generally not fed to increase energy consumption.
Introduce a high-fat supplement, such as stabilized rice bran, in lieu of larger amounts of starch. Stabilized rice bran reduces acid secretion and increases output of prostaglandins that help protect the stomach lining; Allow pasture turnout as much as possible, even if a grazing muzzle needs to be used; and.
Equine Senior Active is a high-calorie feed that is ideal for older horses that are still able to utilize long-stemmed forage. Ultium Competition, Omolene #200 and Omolene #500 are also calorie-dense feeds that may be helpful to help an older horse gain weight when fed with appropriate good quality hay and/or pasture.
That amount will depend on your horse’s current diet and hay type. Although many people like to feed wheat bran as a mash, it can also be fed dry by sprinkling it on top of the grain or mixed into it. Rice bran is often fed dry.
Why Certain Feeds Make Horses “Hotter”
“That horse is feeling its oats” is a common idiom that can actually apply to any type of grain-based feed. Oats, corn, barley, and bran – and pelleted and sweet feeds made of that stuff – are all simple carbohydrates (sugars and starches) that pack a high-calorie punch.
Start by adding just a 1/4 cup of oil to your horse’s feed per day, adding another 1/4 cup within a few days. Build up to about 2 cups of oil a day. You can use corn, peanut, canola, or vegetable oil. Adding oils to your horse’s feed will help increase his weight and can aid in digestion.
Grains for Horses and Their Characteristics