The average horse requires approximately 20 lbs. of forage per day and winter weather can increase the amount of hay needed by 30 to 50%. For each decrease in coldness of one degree F below the critical temperature there is an increase in digestible energy requirements of one percent for body temperature maintenance.
And the average horse eats approximately 3-4 tons (6,000-8,000 pounds) of hay per year. This is assuming the horse is not fed any other significant source of food, such as pasture or grain. An average sized hay bale (95 pounds) makes for an average of about 21 bales to a ton of hay.
Horses can over-eat on grass, especially if the pasture is lush, but it is also easy to let a horse get too fat eating hay. And, sometimes too little hay can mean a horse will lose weight. … Ponies will require considerably less, while large draft breeds can eat 30 pounds (13.6 kg) a day or more.
Your horse should receive 1.5-2.5% of its actual or if overweight target body weight as supplementary feeding. So if your horse is the correct weight and weighs 550kg and you feed 2% of its body weight then that would be 11kg to feed a day.
Cold weather salt intake is sometimes overlooked. Horses do not lick salt blocks as readily as some other specie even when the salt block is a comfortable temperature. … A good option to maintain year around salt intake is to offer loose salt available free choice, either in stalls or in a covered mineral feeder.
For example, this time lapse video shows one bale being eaten by 3 horses over a period of 22 days. We have 6 horses at the Texas Haynet barn. One round bale lasts about 8-10 days using our regular round bale hay net with 1.75″ holes. Without a net, a bale lasts approximately 5-6 days and half of it is wasted.
From October 15 to May 15 the horse would consume about 4,280 pounds of hay or 2.1 tons. This would equal 86 fifty pound small square‐bales or five 900 pound round‐bales during this time. For two horses, this amount would be doubled; 172 small‐square bales or 10 round‐bales.
Our bales are 2-strand square bales of 55-60 lbs/each, so he’d go through 1/3 of a bale daily = 2-1/3 bales weekly = 10 bales monthly. Depends on the individual horse and the amount of grass he’s getting.
Generally, hay belly is caused by poor nutrition. 1 More specifically, it is typically seen when a horse is fed poor-quality forage, such as very stemmy, old hay, and not enough protein. … It also causes the horse to lose muscle tone over his topline, particularly if he’s not being exercised regularly.
Impaction colic can happen more commonly during the winter months when horses or ponies are fed hay and have only frigid water to drink. … A horse that eats its bedding or accidentally gorges on grain can suffer from impaction colic. (Overeating grain or fruit can also cause laminitis or founder.)
For example, a 1000 pound horse will eat 15 to 20 pounds of hay daily. That’s the equivalent of roughly one small square bale of 40-60 pounds every few days. The exact number of bales needed for winter feeding will depend on the weight of the bale.
Why Constant Access to Hay Is Good for Horses
By feeding your horses frequently during the day, you help their digestive systems work how they should. Constant access to hay means that the stomach and hindgut, the critical organs for digestion, will be occupied to avoid creating problems like ulcers.
Haynets and Slow Feeders
Nets facilitate hay-soaking for horses with equine metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, or chronic laminitis. Slow-feeders mimic grazing, keeping horses entertained if confined to stalls or drylots.
At most you can store this feed for about another nine weeks (or 63 days). At 14 pounds per day this equals 882 pounds, or 17.6 50-pound bags.