Some of the first people to investigate the Nazca Lines, like Paul Kosok and Maria Reiche, proposed that the furrows had been carved to identify the points on the horizon where the sun and moon would rise and set on significant festivals, functioning as a type of giant calendar.
The majority of the lines, it is believed by scientists, were drawn by the Nasca people, who were at the height of their civilization from about 1 AD to 700 AD. With lines overlaying other lines and patterns cut through with straight lines of both ancient and more recent provenance, certain portions of the pampa resemble an old chalk board.
Located in southern Peru’s Nazca Desert, the Nazca Lines (/naezk/) are a collection of geoglyphs carved into the dirt by ancient peoples. During the time period between 500 BC and AD 500, humans excavated depressions or shallow incisions in the desert floor, removing pebbles and exposing varied colored earth to form the formations.
Geoglyphs known as the Nazca Lines, which can also be written as the Nasca Lines, can be found in a dry coastal region of Peru and encompass an area that is around 170 square miles (450 square kilometers). They may be found scratched into the ground and number in the millions. They portray animals that come from both the real world and from the human imagination.
Maria Reiche, a renowned archaeologist, developed various hypotheses on the formation of the lines. The Nazca constructed their lines using wooden posts that were tied together with rope. They placed the stakes in a line in order to use them as a guide. They were able to create exceedingly lengthy lines and forms by using this approach, which allowed them to repeat the procedure.
According to research conducted by scholars, the Nasca people, who lived in the area from from 1 AD to 700 AD at the height of their civilization, were responsible for drawing the lines. It is possible that members of the Chavin and Paracas civilizations, who existed before the Nazca people, were also responsible for the creation of some of the geoglyphs.
Squatters provide the greatest danger to Peru’s historic and heritage sites, as the country’s Ministry of Culture claims to receive between 120 and 180 reports of unlawful encroachments every year. In the end, the Nazca Lines have succumbed to the same fate as so many other historical sites: they have been ruined by their own reputation.
The Nazca Lines have been organically maintained because to the dry environment of the region and the winds that blow sand out of the grooves that make up the lines. The archaeological site of Nazca was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List in the year 1994.
The polychrome pottery of the Nazca civilization included at least 12 different hues of paint, making it a defining characteristic of the society. The transition from painting ceramics with post-fire resin to painting ceramics with slip before firing signified the end of the Paracas pottery style and the beginning of the Nazca pottery style.
The Nazca Lines were produced by removing a layer of ruddy stones off the surface of the earth in order to expose a ground that was whiter below. Where in the world, in the modern day, was the Inca Empire established? The majority of Inca ceramics was painted with scenes from mythology and figures associated with several religions. Mayans are responsible for the creation of the Nazca lines.
Because of the region’s extreme aridity, absence of wind, and seclusion, the Nazca lines have been able to persist for more than two thousand years. At a period when manned flying was not known to exist, the ancient Nazca people were able to erect enormous structures that could only be properly appreciated from the air. These structures could only be fully experienced from above.
The culture is famous for its unusual ceramics and textiles, as well as the geoglyphs known as Nazca lines that were created on the ground of the desert.
Beliefs and Activities Associated with Religion The religious beliefs of the Nazca appear to have concentrated on agriculture and fertility, as evidenced by the objects they left behind. They had a number of gods or natural spirits that they worshipped. They thought that the spirits of the natural world had an active part in the existence and continuation of the Nazca culture.