How was trade connected to the spread of culture and ideas between Egypt and Nubia? Both used trade to gain wealth and to obtain goods they could not produce locally.
In ancient times, Nubia had a strong influence on Egypt. When Egypt ruled Nubia, the Egyptian pharaoh appointed an official to govern Nubia. Egypt influenced the art and architecture of Nubia and the emerging kingdom of Kush. Nubians worshipped some of the gods sacred to the Egyptians.
Bartering cattle, gold, carnelian, ivory, animal skins, hardwood, incense, and dates, Nubians traded with the Egyptians, their neighbors to the north, for grain, vegetable oils, wine, beer, linen, and other manufactured goods.
How did trade with civilizations in Nubia and Southwest Asia help the ancient Egyptian civilization grow? It connected most of Egypt’s towns and cities, along with the Mediterranean trade routes.
How did trade help both Egypt and Nubia maintain their dominance in the Nile Region? It gave them money and goods for them to give to their military so that they could defend themselves in battle.
What kinds of similarities were there between the cultures of Nubia and Egypt? Both worshiped some of the same gods, has similar beliefs about kings, and depended on the Nile for food. Later Nubians built pyramids and mummified the bodies of their rulers.
The abundance of highly sorted resources in Nubian territories (especially gold, semi‐precious stones and ebony) always fascinated the ancient Egyptians. It was perhaps the urge to control trade in Nubia that made Egyptian Pharaohs annexed the southern territories.
Trade was also important to the economies of ancient civilizations. When Egyptians first settled along the Nile, the resources of the river supplied them with what they needed to survive. Access to the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea opened Egypt to foreign cultures and influences.
*Kush was influenced greatly by Egypt: clothing, temples, calling their rulers pharaohs and burying them in pyramids. * *Kush had many elements of their culture that were unique such as their houses, and written language. * In addition to Egyptian gods they worshiped their own gods, such as Apedemek, a lion-headed god.
Some of these deities’ names are well known: Isis, Osiris, Horus, Amun, Ra, Hathor, Bastet, Thoth, Anubis, and Ptah while many others less so. The more famous gods became state deities while others were associated with a specific region or, in some cases, a ritual or role.
As ‘Lord of the Two Lands’ the pharaoh was the ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt. He owned all of the land, made laws, collected taxes, and defended Egypt against foreigners. As ‘High Priest of Every Temple’, the pharaoh represented the gods on Earth. He performed rituals and built temples to honour the gods.
Around 3500 BCE, the “A-Group” of Nubians arose, existing side-by-side with the Naqada of Upper Egypt. These two groups traded gold, copper tools, faience, stone vessels, pots, and more. Egyptian unification in 3300 BCE may have been helped along by Nubian culture, which was conquered by Upper Egypt.
The routes are shown in red lines and black dotted lines with labels and some notes regarding transit times. Major cities and exports are labeled; bodies of water and geographic features are also marked (with relief shown in hachures). There is text beneath the map labeled “Questions on the Map.”
The Nile brought the ancient Egyptians and Nubians a constant source of water, allowing them to fish, farm, trade and build communities along its banks. The cataracts prevented Nubians from trading by traveling on the river, so Nubian trade routes had to be over land.