19th century. The Tallapoosas were a part of a “Creek traditionalist faction,” the Red Sticks, that fought in the Battle of Holy Ground. In the summer of 1813, the Red Sticks built new settlements for “each component of the Upper Creek Nation (Alabamas, Tallapoosas, Abeikas).
Tallapoosa – county, river and ancient Creek town – probably “Pulverized Rock. (gravel)” or “Stranger”- Creek or Choctaw. Tohopeka – village – “fort” – Creek.
Four of the Five Civilized Tribes are of Alabama: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Creek.
Benjamin Hawkins and the Creek Indians By 1800 many Cherokees lived on dispersed farmsteads in northeast Alabama. They established communities at Turkey Town, Wills Town, Sauta, Brooms Town, and Creek Path at Gunter’s Landing, all of which provided leadership within the Cherokee Nation.
By the time European fortune hunters and colonialist explorers arrived in the sixteenth century, the Indian groups in the Southeast had coalesced into the cultural groups known from the historic period: the Cherokees, Choctaws, Creeks, and Chickasaws, and smaller groups such as the Alabama-Coushattas and the Yuchis.
Sources vary; the traditional story is that “Alabama” comes from the native American Creek language (meaning ” tribal town” ). Other sources claim it is derived from the Choctaw language, translating as “thicket-clearers” or “vegetation-gatherers.” Many state names originate from native American languages.
Tallapoosa comes from the Muskogee Creek words, Talwa Posa, which mean, “ Town Grandmother.” The first Muskogee Creeks in Georgia and Alabama settled in the Tallapoosa River Basin.
The Alabama or Alibamu (Alabama: Albaamaha) are a Southeastern culture people of Native Americans, originally from Alabama.
Choctaw, North American Indian tribe of Muskogean linguistic stock that traditionally lived in what is now southeastern Mississippi. The Choctaw dialect is very similar to that of the Chickasaw, and there is evidence that they are a branch of the latter tribe.
The land that is today the state of Alabama was originally settled by two groups of Native Americans: the Cherokee and the Muskogee peoples. The Muskogee peoples included the Choctaw, the Creek, and the Chickasaw tribes. They were organized into clans such as the Bear Clan and the Fox Clan.
Cherokee language, Cherokee name Tsalagi Gawonihisdi, North American Indian language, a member of the Iroquoian family, spoken by the Cherokee (Tsalagi) people originally inhabiting Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Kentucky, and Tennessee.
The Choctaw Indians established some 50 towns in present-day Mississippi and western Alabama. With a population of at least 15,000 by the turn of the nineteenth century, the Choctaws were one of the largest Indian groups in the South.
Alabama became part of the Cherokee homeland only in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. Nevertheless, this population of Native Americans significantly contributed to the shaping of the state’s history.
The MOWA Band of Choctaw Indians is a state-recognized tribe located in southwest Alabama, with a population largely based in southern Washington County and northern Mobile County.
Alabama men wore a breechclout, sometimes with leggings to protect their legs, and women wore wraparound skirts made of woven fiber. The Alabamas also wore moccasins on their feet. Shirts were not necessary in Alabama culture, but men and women both wore poncho-style capes in cool weather.
The names of the Alabama tribes included the Alabama or Alibamu, Tunica – Biloxi, Cherokee Indians, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Koasati, Creek (Muskogee) and Yuchi.