The Sac and Fox tribes lived in Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, and Nebraska. One of the largest villages in North America was Saukenuk, located between the Rock and Mississippi Rivers in Illinois.
The Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri people and their ancestors have been historically located in Canada, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas and Nebraska. The Sac and Fox of the Missouri band were finally settled to the northeast corner of Kansas.
The Fox tribe lived in two different shelters, the longhouse and the wigwam, a temporary shelter that was used by Algonquian speaking Native Indian tribes who lived in the woodland regions. The Fox longhouses were built from birch bark.
The Fox and Sauks are original residents of the eastern woodlands and prairie regions, particularly in Michigan and Wisconsin. Today most Fox and Sauks live on reservations in Oklahoma, Kansas, and Iowa.
Fox, also called Meskwaki or Mesquakie, an Algonquian-speaking tribe of North American Indians who called themselves Meshkwakihug, the “Red-Earth People.” When they first met French traders in 1667, the tribe lived in the forest zone of what is now northeastern Wisconsin.
The Meskwaki-Sauk language (or Meskawaki, Mesquaki, Fox) is spoken by the Sac and Fox (or Sauk-Fox) people of Oklahoma and the Nemaha Sauks of the Kansas-Nebraska border.
Fox cosmology included a belief in an upper world in the sky, associated with good, and a lower world beneath the earth, associated with evil. The Fox believed themselves to be the grandchildren of the earth and all that grew on it. Fox supernatural beings included Great or Gentle Manitou, who ruled the upper world.
Iowa’s only federally recognized Indian tribe, the Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa, is known as the Meskwaki Nation, or the “People of the Red Earth.” Our settlement is located in Tama, Iowa, and is comprised of more than 8,624 acres.
The misnomer “Sac and Fox” is a historical accident, a conflation of “Sac” (Sauk), or Thâkîwaki (“people coming forth [from the outlet],” i.e., “from the water”), and “Fox,” or Meskwâki (“people of the red earth”) misapplied by the U.S. government during treaty negotiations in 1804.
Food. Sac and Fox ate foods such as corn, beans, squash, berries, fruit, honey, hunted deer and buffalo, baked soup, cornbread, and farmed. This tribe was nomadic.
During the summer months (May to September), the Meskwaki lived in villages located along major rivers in the center of tribal lands. Their homes consisted of poles covered with slabs of elm
Sac & Fox Casino is owned by Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska.
They held many traditional ceremonies, such as harvest feasts, spiritual and war dances, and equinox and solstice rituals, atypical to many Algonquin tribes. Like most of the regional tribes of the great lakes, the Foxes were polygamists.