The tribe of Judah settled in the region south of Jerusalem and in time became the most powerful and most important tribe.
The descendants of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin have survived as Jews because they were allowed to return to their homeland after the Babylonian Exile of 586 bc.
Instead, the people of Judah were exiled to Babylon about 586, but were eventually able to return and rebuild their nation. In time, the tribe of Judah became identified with the entire Hebrew nation and gave its name to the people known today as the Jews.
The tribe of Judah boasts several noteworthy descendants including King Solomon and King David. David was a mighty king of Israel who not only conquered and retook Jerusalem but also brought the Ark of the Covenant to the city.
The tribe of Judah became one of the most important because it was the tribe of the monarchy, or rulership under one royal leader, when the ancient kingdom of Israel was established around the 11th century BCE. Most of its rulers, including David and Solomon, came from this tribe.
Jesus is a lineal descendant of a royal bloodline. The Book of Matthew 1:1-17 describes Jesus’ bloodline, which spans 42 generations. Jesus’ bloodline includes King Solomon and King David. Jesus experienced marriage and produced offspring with Mary Magdalene.
In Matthew 1:1–6 and Luke 3:31–34 of the New Testament, Jesus is described as a member of the tribe of Judah by lineage. Revelation 5:5 also mentions an apocalyptic vision of the Lion of the tribe of Judah.
The city fell after a siege, which lasted either eighteen or thirty months, and Nebuchadnezzar again pillaged both Jerusalem and the Temple and then destroyed both. After killing all of Zedekiah’s sons, Nebuchadnezzar took Zedekiah to Babylon and so put an end to the independent Kingdom of Judah.
After the death of Solomon, the country was divided into two independent kingdoms. The southern region came to be called Judah which consisted of the tribes of Benjamin and Judah. Jerusalem was their capital. The northern region was called Israel which comprised the remaining ten tribes.
The Tribe of Benjamin, located to the north of Judah but to the south of the northern Kingdom of Israel, is significant in biblical narratives as a source of various Israelite leaders, including the first Israelite king, Saul, as well as earlier tribal leaders in the period of the Judges.