The Caddo originated in the lower Mississippi Valley and spread west along the river systems. Sometime between 700 and 800 they settled the area between the Arkansas River and the middle reaches of the Red, Sabine, Angelina, and Neches rivers and adopted agriculture.
The Caddo lived in east Texas in the piney forests. Look at the map of East Texas Indian lands. Their territory extended into Louisiana. Arkansas and Oklahoma.
The Caddos are original residents of the southern Plains, particularly Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana. Most Caddo people today live in Oklahoma.
The Caddo were farmers who lived in East Texas. There were two main groups of the Caddo in Texas. One major Caddo tribe was the Kadohadacho. The Kadohadacho lived in large villages along the Red river near the present day Oklahoma – Arkansas border.
Caddo Lake. Caddo Lake is impounded by Caddo Dam in the Cypress Creek basin in Caddo Parish, Louisiana, and extends into Harrison and Marion counties, Texas; the center of the lake is located twenty-nine miles northeast of Marshall (at 30°42′ N, 97°20′ W).
In the early nineteenth century, however, Texans forced the tribe out into the Great Plains. After wandering for three decades, they finally settled in western Oklahoma, where most of the Caddos still live today. The 10,000 remaining Caddos established permanent farming villages along the Red and the Neches Rivers.
The Caddo lived in farming villages in the Piney Woods. The Karankawa were nomads who lived near the Gulf Coast. Today some Native Americans live on reservations, while thousands of others live in cities and on farms.
The large beehive-shaped grass houses of the Caddo and Wichita peoples were permanent dwellings found mainly in East Texas and adjoining areas of neighboring states. Grass houses were much larger than tipis, sometimes reaching 50 feet tall and housing two or more families!
The narrow stream valleys of the Ouachita Mountains of southwestern Arkansas were home to small Caddo settlements. Photo by Bill Martin.
Most of the Wichita stayed in the northern area of Texas, though. They lived on the Red River in a place called Spanish Fort. After they moved to Texas they became friends with the powerful Comanche.
Although they ranged over much of northern Mexico, New Mexico, and Texas, their most enduring territorial base was in central Texas between the lower Pecos River and the Colorado. The Jumanos were buffalo hunters and traders, and played an active role as middlemen between the Spanish colonies and various Indian tribes.
Reference no. Caddo Lake (French: Lac Caddo) is a 25,400-acre (10,300 ha) lake and bayou (wetland) on the border between Texas and Louisiana, in northern Harrison County and southern Marion County in Texas and western Caddo Parish in Louisiana.
Caddo Lake is a great spot for swimming. Earl G. Williamson Park in Oil City is one of the best kept secrets in the region. It’s a great family park and has a wonderful spot for swimming.