Cheyenne, North American Plains Indians who spoke an Algonquian language and inhabited the regions around the Platte and Arkansas rivers during the 19th century. Before 1700 the Cheyenne lived in what is now central Minnesota, where they farmed, hunted, gathered wild rice, and made pottery.
The Cheyenne tribe consisted of Native Americans that began as a woodland people in Minnesota before events of the late 1600s forced them into nomadic life on the Great Plains.
The Cheyenne tribe originally lived as farmers in earthlodges in the Sheyenne River valley. The were forced west to the Great Plains by the French and their Chippewa allies. The Cheyenne tribe changed their lifestyle to become nomadic buffalo hunters who lived in tepees.
During the late 1600s the Cheyenne moved into what is now North and South Dakota where they built villages of earthen dwellings and farmed the land. In time pressure from the Sioux tribes and the Ojibway (see entries) drove the Cheyenne even farther west into the area of the Black Hills.
The Northern Cheyenne Nation is located in present-day southeastern Montana and is approximately 444,000 acres in size. The Northern Cheyenne Nation has approximately 11,266 enrolled tribal members with about 5,000 residing on their lands in Montana.
In 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition encountered the Cheyenne living on the upper Missouri River. The Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes became allies and formed into one Nation.
The main group of Cheyenne, the Tsêhéstáno, was once composed of ten bands that spread across the Great Plains from southern Colorado to the Black Hills in South Dakota. They fought their historic enemies, the Crow and later (1856–79) the United States Army.
Interesting Facts about the Cheyenne Tribe The buffalo was a major part of the Cheyenne culture and way of life. The buffalo provided their food, shelter, and clothing. Each year, the Cheyenne bands would come together for four days during the Spring to celebrate the Sun Dance ceremony.
It is of Native American Indian origin, and the meaning of Cheyenne is “unintelligible speakers”. From the French name “shaiyena”. Name of a Native American tribe. The Cheyennes were famous for their courage in battle, and the capital city of Wyoming is named after the tribe.
The Cheyenne Today A total of 7,502 people reside on the Tongue River in Wyoming (Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation), and another 387 live on the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation in Oklahoma. Both reservations are recognized by the U.S. government, and have their own governing bodies and constitutions.
“Aho” means ” yes, I agree “,”‘I understand’, or ‘I acknowledge”.
The ancestral Sioux most likely lived in the Central Mississippi Valley region and later in Minnesota, for at least two or three thousand years. The ancestors of the Sioux arrived in the northwoods of central Minnesota and northwestern Wisconsin from the Central Mississippi River shortly before 800 AD.
The Comanches, known as the “Lords of the Plains”, were regarded as perhaps the most dangerous Indians Tribes in the frontier era. One of the most compelling stories of the Wild West is the abduction of Cynthia Ann Parker, Quanah’s mother, who was kidnapped at age 9 by Comanches and assimilated into the tribe.
The tribe call themselves ” Tsis tsis’tas” (Tse-TSES-tas) which means “the beautiful people”. The Cheyenne Nation is comprised of ten bands, spread all over the Great Plains, from southern Colorado to the Black Hills in South Dakota.
The tribe split (c. 1830) when a large group decided to settle on the upper Arkansas River and take advantage of the trade facilities offered by Bent’s Fort. This group became known as the Southern Cheyenne. The incident aroused the Cheyenne to fury, and a bitter war followed.