Massasoit was the grand sachem (intertribal chief) of all the Wampanoag Indians, who inhabited parts of present Massachusetts and Rhode Island, particularly the coastal regions.
Chief Massasoit (1580–1661), as he was known to the Mayflower Pilgrims, was the leader of the Wampanoag tribe. Also known as The Grand Sachem as well as Ousemequin (sometimes spelled Woosamequen), Massasoit played a major role in the success of the Pilgrims.
When the Mayflower landed in Massachusetts in 1620, one of the first native leaders the Pilgrims met was Massasoit, the intertribal chief of the Wampanoag Nation. The Wampanoag, whose people still live in New England today, once had tribal lands that stretched from Cape Code to Rhode Island.
In his attire little or nothing differing from the rest of his followers, only in a great chain of white bone beads about his neck, and at it behind his neck hangs a little bag of tobacco, which he drank and gave us to drink; his face was painted with a sad red like murry, and oiled both head and face, that he looked
Massasoit, (born c. 1590, near present Bristol, Rhode Island, U.S. —died 1661, near Bristol), Wampanoag Indian chief who throughout his life maintained peaceful relations with English settlers in the area of the Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts.
There is also evidence that he tried to undermine Massasoit’s relationship with the English. The Plymouth settlers were very angry with Squanto in the wake of the fiasco, even to the extent that Governor Bradford admitted to Massasoit that Squanto deserved death for his act of betrayal.
How Did Squanto Learn to Speak English? Squanto learned to speak English after he was captured by English explorers and taken to Europe where he was sold into slavery.
Massasoit had five children: son Wamsutta, who was born between 1621 and 1625; son Pometecomet, Metacomet, or Metacom; son Sonkanuchoo; and daughters Amie and Sarah. Soon after his death, Wamsutta and Metecomet went to Plymouth and asked the Pilgrims to give them English names.
The Wampanoag went on to teach them how to hunt, plant crops and how to get the best of their harvest, saving these people, who would go on to be known as the Pilgrims, from starvation. This ‘peace’ was not necessarily one the Wampanoag were comfortable with.
The Nauset probably came into contact with Europeans at an early date because of their location, and Samuel de Champlain is known to have encountered them in 1606. Their subsistence was probably based on fishing, hunting, and gathering wild foods; they are also known to have cultivated corn (maize), beans, and squash.
The Pauquunaukit (anglicized as Pokanoket, literally, “land at the clearing” in Natick) are an indigenous group in present-day Rhode Island and Massachusetts.
After an exchange of greetings and gifts, the two peoples signed a peace treaty agreeing to do no harm to each other, to come to each other’s aid if attacked by third parties and to have equal jurisdiction over offenders: if a Wampanoag broke the peace, he would be sent to Plymouth for punishment; if a colonist broke
Squanto also knew when the fish would run up the rivers, so the Pilgrims soon had a full harvest of fish. Then he showed them how to plant corn, the new plant of the New World, in the native way, by planting the kernels in mounds of soil with fish heads as a strong fertilizer.