Cheyenne, North American Plains Indians who spoke an Algonquian language and inhabited the regions around the Platte and Arkansas rivers during the 19th century. Before 1700 the Cheyenne lived in what is now central Minnesota, where they farmed, hunted, gathered wild rice, and made pottery.
Where did the Cheyenne tribe live?
The Northern Cheyenne Nation is located in present -day southeastern Montana and is approximately 444,000 acres in size. The Northern Cheyenne Nation has approximately 11,266 enrolled tribal members with about 5,000 residing on their lands in Montana.
Who Were the Cheyenne? The Cheyenne tribe consisted of Native Americans that began as a woodland people in Minnesota before events of the late 1600s forced them into nomadic life on the Great Plains.
The Cheyenne are a tribe of Algonquian linguistic stock who were closely allied with the Arapaho and Gros Ventre and loosely allied with the Lakota Sioux. One of the most prominent of the Plains tribes, they primarily lived and hunted on hills and prairies alongside the Missouri and Red Rivers.
Their lands ranged from the upper Missouri River into what is now Wyoming, Montana, Colorado, and South Dakota. The Ésevone / Hóhkėha’e (“Sacred Buffalo Hat”) is kept among the Northern Cheyenne and Northern Só’taeo’o.
“Aho” means ” yes, I agree “,”‘I understand’, or ‘I acknowledge”.
The Cheyenne of the Great Plains lived in teepees made from buffalo hides and wooden poles. The teepees were easily moved from place to place.
The Northern Cheyenne Reservation encompasses 440,000 acres of land, with Lame Deer serving as tribal headquarters. The tribe call themselves ” Tsis tsis’tas” (Tse-TSES-tas) which means “the beautiful people”.
It is of Native American Indian origin, and the meaning of Cheyenne is “unintelligible speakers”. From the French name “shaiyena”. Name of a Native American tribe. The Cheyennes were famous for their courage in battle, and the capital city of Wyoming is named after the tribe.
The ancestral Sioux most likely lived in the Central Mississippi Valley region and later in Minnesota, for at least two or three thousand years. The ancestors of the Sioux arrived in the northwoods of central Minnesota and northwestern Wisconsin from the Central Mississippi River shortly before 800 AD.
The Comanches, known as the “Lords of the Plains”, were regarded as perhaps the most dangerous Indians Tribes in the frontier era. One of the most compelling stories of the Wild West is the abduction of Cynthia Ann Parker, Quanah’s mother, who was kidnapped at age 9 by Comanches and assimilated into the tribe.
The Cheyenne River Reservation is home to the four bands (Tiospaye) of the “Titunwan” People of the Plains: The “Mnicoujou” Planters By The Water, “Oohenumpa” Two Kettle, “Itazipco” Without Bows, and “Siha Sapa” Black Foot.
The tribe split (c. 1830) when a large group decided to settle on the upper Arkansas River and take advantage of the trade facilities offered by Bent’s Fort. This group became known as the Southern Cheyenne. The incident aroused the Cheyenne to fury, and a bitter war followed.