Karankawa, several groups of North American Indians that lived along the Gulf of Mexico in Texas, from about Galveston Bay to Corpus Christi Bay.
Some of the tribes that lived along the Atlantic coast and are particularly familiar to the modern student include the Susquehannock, Nanticoke and Powhatan Tribes. The Woodland period is the most significant period in the development of Native American cultures and civilizations in this region.
The Karankawa Indians were a group of now-extinct tribes who lived along the Gulf of Mexico in what is today Texas. Archaeologists have traced the Karankawas back at least 2,000 years. The tribes were nomadic, ranging from Galveston Bay to Corpus Christi Bay and as far as 100 miles (160 km) inland.
Karakawan homes were called ba-ak. A primary characteristic of a Karankawa home was that it was temporary, portable or both. That’s because Karankawa Indian bands didn’t stay in one place for longer than a few weeks, notes the Texas State Historical Association.
Federally recognized tribes and nations in Virginia include the Pamunkey, Chickahominy, Chickahominy Eastern Division, Upper Mattaponi, Rappahannock, Monacan, and Nansemond.
The Northwest Coast Indian peoples, who lived in the Pacific Northwest, can be classified into four units, or “provinces.” The northern province includes speakers of Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, and the Tsimshian-influenced Haisla (northernmost Heiltsuq or Kwakiutl).
The Karankawa /kəˈræŋkəwə/ are an Indigenous people concentrated in southern Texas along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, largely in the lower Colorado River and Brazos River valleys.
The houses were small huts made of long sapling tree trunks or limbs bent over and tied together. They would stick one end of the tree limb or saplings into the ground in a big circle. Then they would bend them over towards the middle and tie them together making a framework.
Eastern Woodland Native Americans commonly lived in wigwams or wickiups. The frame was made of willow saplings. The frame was also covered with woven cattail mats or bark. A fire pit would have been located in the middle and bedding on the floor or on raised bed frames made of sticks.
The early Coahuiltecans lived in the coastal plain in northeastern Mexico and southern Texas. The plain includes the northern Gulf Coastal Lowlands in Mexico and the southern Gulf Coastal Plain in the United States.
During the summer the Karankawa seemed to move inland and during the winter they seemed to camp near the water on the large bays and islands on the sea coast. Food is the reason for this. During the winter large schools of several kinds of fish would come into the shallow water of the bays.
Today, the Washington Post has Census numbers confirming that the explosion of the Indian population in northern Virginia: Indians are flocking to Loudoun and Fairfax counties and have become the largest and fastest-growing group of Asians in the area.
Cherokees who were active in West Virginia were almost always members of the Overhill towns, one of five clusters of villages among which their people were distributed. The Overhill Cherokees lived along the Little Tennessee River in East Tennessee.