Gabrielino, also called San Gabrielino or Gabrieleño, self-name Tongva, any of two, or possibly three, dialectally and culturally related North American Indian groups who spoke a language of Uto-Aztecan stock and lived in the lowlands, along the seacoast, and on islands in southern California at the time of Spanish
Language: Gabrielino, also known as Kizh or Tongva, was a Uto-Aztecan language of Southern California closely related to Serrano. There are no native speakers of Gabrielino remaining today.
Tongva word of the day for 26 April 2013 — miyiiha’ ” hello”, spoken by Jacob Gutierrez of the Gabrielino-Tongva Language Committee. (This word more literally means “say what?”, which can in fact also be a greeting in English!)
It was not a name that the people ever used to refer to themselves. However, it remains a part of every official tribe’s name, either as “Gabrieleño” or “Gabrielino.” Because of the disagreement between tribal groups surrounding usage of the term Tongva, Gabrieleño has been used as a mediating term.
Both women and men could be shamans, and they were the religious leaders and healers of the tribe. It was believed that they had special powers to heal the sick and to change their shape from human to animal.
The Kumeyaay, also known as Tipai-Ipai or by their historical Spanish name Diegueño, is a tribe of Indigenous peoples of the Americas who live at the northern border of Baja California in Mexico and the southern border of California in the United States.
Today, the Chumash are estimated to have a population of 5,000 members. Many current members can trace their ancestors to the five islands of Channel Islands National Park.
Typical of life by the ocean, seafood like kelp, shark, and clams was abundant. On land, the Tongva also hunted with boomerangs, or makanas, and bows and arrows. This work provided squirrel, rabbit, and deer meat. Women gathered acorns, cattails, and chia plants to be ground up and made into cakes.
Around 2,000 Tongva people still live in the Los Angeles area, and they are considered to be one of the two most prominent California tribes without recognition, with 2,800 archaeological sites, such as the sacred site of Puvungna, located on what is now Cal State Long Beach.
In religion, for instance, the Gabrielino were the source of the jimsonweed cult, a widely practiced southern California religion that involved various sacred and esoteric rituals and the drinking of toloache, a hallucinogen made from the jimsonweed (Datura stramonium).
Lost Treaty Rights And Current Status. The “18 lost treaties” recognized the Tongva but were never adopted. In 1950, under the Eisenhower policy of “Assimilation” of Native American Tribes, the Gabrielino-Tongva were effectively terminated.
Yes, the Gabrielinos were known for their finely built plank canoes, made by seaming together planks of cedar wood with sinew and pitch. These seafaring canoes could be up to 24 feet long. Here is a website with Native American canoe pictures. Over land, the Gabrielinos usually just walked.
A search for Los Angeles County, CA, USA using Native Land’s Territory Acknowledgment tool shows that Los Angeles County sits on Chumash, Tongva, and Kizh land. Learn more about the Chumash, Tongva, and Kizh nations: Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians Website. Wishtoyo Chumash Foundation Website.
Summary and Definition: The Serrano tribe were a southern California inland tribe of Native American Indians who were hunter-gatherers and traders.