What was the relationship between the Cherokee and other settlers like?
By the early 18th century the tribe had chosen alliance with the British in both trading and military affairs. During the French and Indian War (1754–63) they allied themselves with the British; the French had allied themselves with several Iroquoian tribes, which were the Cherokee’s traditional enemies.
The French and Indian War and the related European theater conflict known as the Seven Years’ War laid many of the foundations for the conflict between the Cherokee and the American settlers on the frontier. These tensions on the frontier broke out into open hostilities with the advent of the American Revolution.
The Cherokee Indians traded regularly with other southeastern Native Americans, who especially liked to make trades for high-quality Cherokee pipes and pottery. The Cherokees often fought with their neighbors the Creeks, Chickasaws, and Shawnees, but other times, they were friends and allies of those tribes.
Interactions between Native Americans and Europeans varied in different situations partly because the impressions made upon each other. The Cherokee tribe encountered the English in peaceful and non-peaceful meetings throughout trading, war, and various encounters.
The Cherokee Nation has been associated with the British since 1674 when they exchanged deerskins and other furs for European trade goods. In 1712 they allied with the British and sent 200 warriors against the Tuscarora Indians.
Eastern tribes such as the Creeks and Cherokees were known to have incorporated scalping into their activities, but it appears to have been most common among the Plains Indians. Cherokees took only enough lives and scalps to account for the number of slain Cherokees.
John Ross (1790-1866) was the most important Cherokee political leader of the nineteenth century. He helped establish the Cherokee national government and served as the Cherokee Nation’s principal chief for almost 40 years.
Who was the most famous Cherokee warrior? Cunne Shote, the Indian chief, a Great Warrior of the Cherokee Nation. Marilyn Pratt Cherokee Indians called themselves “The Principal People.”
On this day in 1809, Tecumseh began a concerted campaign to persuade the tribes of the Old Northwest and Deep South to unite and resist. Together, Tecumseh argued, the various tribes had enough strength to stop the white settlers from taking further land.
They believed the world should have balance, harmony, cooperation, and respect within the community and between people and the rest of nature. Cherokee myths and legends taught the lessons and practices necessary to maintain natural balance, harmony, and health.
Traditional, linguistic, and archeological evidence shows that the Cherokee originated in the north, but they were found in possession of the south Allegheny region when first encountered by De Soto in 1540. Their relations with the Carolina colonies began 150 years later.
Greenfield Lake, Wilmington, NC 1950The Cherokee, members of the Iroquoian language group, are descended from the native peoples who occupied the southern Appalachian Mountains beginning in approximately 8000 b.c. By 1500 b.c., a distinct Cherokee language had developed, and by 1000 a.d.
Common Cherokee Nation Surnames