These traditional Inuit foods include arctic char, seal, polar bear and caribou — often consumed raw, frozen or dried. The foods, which are native to the region, are packed with the vitamins and nutrients people need to stay nourished in the harsh winter conditions.
Because the traditional Inuit diet is “so restricted,” he says, it’s easier to study than the famously heart-healthy Mediterranean diet, with its cornucopia of vegetables, fruits, grains, herbs, spices, olive oil, and red wine.
The traditional Inuit diet mainly consists of seal, whale, wild fowl, fish, reindeer, musk ox, hare and some walrus and polar bear.
The Inuit people were unable to farm and grow their own food in the harsh desert of the tundra. They mostly lived off of meat from hunting animals. They used harpoons to hunt seals, walruses, and the bowhead whale. They also ate fish and foraged for wild berries.
Inuit have always eaten food raw, frozen, thawed out, dried, aged, or cached ( Slightly aged ) meat for thousands of years. People still eat uncooked meat today. There is a good reason for that. Uncooked meat takes quite a while to digest whereas cooked meat will be digested very quickly.
Veganism is unlikely to suit indigenous peoples living in accordance with traditional customs and cultures, but for the vast majority of people in America and elsewhere in the world, it is absolutely possible – and beneficial – to be vegan.
Inuits, colloquially known as Eskimos, have an unusual animal-based diet due to the Arctic environment of their homes. The traditional Inuit diet does include some berries, seaweed and plants, but a carnivorous diet can supply all the essential nutrients, provided you eat the whole animal, and eat it raw.
Herbaceous plants such as grasses and fireweed. Tubers and stems including mousefood, roots of various tundra plants which are cached by voles in burrows. Roots such as tuberous spring beauty and sweet vetch. Seaweed.
Caribou are herbivorous. During fall and winter, they consume lichens (reindeer moss), dried sedges and small shrubs. During summer, caribou eat the leaves of willows, sedges, flowering tundra plants, and mushrooms.
Cultures such as Dene and Inuit continued to consider caribou an important animal and hunting continued to be important for nutrition as well as maintaining a certain level of social ties .
Many Inuit still hunt on a regular basis, but often use rifles and commercially made spears rather than bows and hand-made harpoons as in the past.
Traditional Inuit clothing consisted of a parka, pants and mittens made from caribou or sealskin (worn in one or two layers according to the season), and up to four layers of footwear. Each garment was tailored to fit the individual.
Traditional tools such as the ulu (a type of knife ) are used in these preparation processes. The Inuit use every part of the animal, if not for food than for other functions, such as clothing (animal hides and furs), heating (seal oil) and the making of various traditional tools (bones and sinew).
Increased melanin made their skin become darker. As early humans started migrating north into Europe and east into Asia, they were exposed to different amounts of sun. So despite their chilly climate and lack of sun exposure, it’s the Inuit diet that has kept them in their natural glow.
“Inuit have been hunting polar bear for generations. Polar bear meat is a good source of protein, niacin, vitamin A, riboflavin and iron. Their thick skin can be used to make warm clothing, blankets, and rugs; it can also be used as a mat to stand on while hunting seal at breathing holes.
At 64 to 67 years, Inuit life expectancy “appears to have stagnated” between 1991 and 2001, and falls well short of Canada’s average of 79.5 years, which has steadily risen, Statistics Canada said.