The Eastern and Northern Shoshones lived in the tall, cone-shaped buffalo-hide houses known as tipis (or teepees). Since the Shoshone tribe moved frequently as they gathered food, a tipi had to be carefully designed to set up and break down quickly, like a modern tent.
The Indians that lived east and up north of the Rocky Mountains lived in tepees and hunted buffalo. When the Shoshone were actually in the mountains they lived on roots, berries, and infrequently, fish and small game. The Shoshone usually lived in small groups of ten people or less.
Shoshone, also spelled Shoshoni; also called Snake, North American Indian group that occupied the territory from what is now southeastern California across central and eastern Nevada and northwestern Utah into southern Idaho and western Wyoming.
The area where the California Shoshone lived was mostly desert, and included Death Valley. They were bounded by the high Sierra Nevada Mountains on the west, and by more desert to the east and south. There were only a few places in the desert where people could live, where a spring or a small stream provided water.
A teepee was built using a number of long poles as the frame. The poles were tied together at the top and spread out at the bottom to make an upside down cone shape. Then the outside was wrapped with a large covering made of buffalo hide.
The Northwestern Band of Shoshone live in southern Idaho and northern Utah, covering land in Blackfoot, Idaho and Bingham County in Idaho, and Brigham City, Utah, and Box Elder County in Utah.
Western Shoshone Indians are the descendants of an ancient widespread people whose name is “Newe” meaning “The People.” The traditional Western Shoshone territory covered southern Idaho, the central part of Nevada, portions of northwestern Utah, and the Death Valley region of southern California.
Today, the Shoshone’s approximately 10,000 members primarily live on several reservations in Wyoming, Idaho, and Nevada, the largest of which is the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming.
In Shoshone’s language, behne is a way to greet people and say hello in a friendly way. The Shoshoni language belongs to the group of Numic languages,
The name “Shoshone” comes from Sosoni, a Shoshone word for high-growing grasses. Shoshones call themselves Newe, meaning “People.” Meriwether Lewis recorded the tribe as the “Sosonees or snake Indians” in 1805.
The more common term used by Shoshone people is Newe, or “People.” The name Shoshone was first recorded in 1805 after Meriwether Lewis encountered a group of “Sosonees or snake Indians” among the Crows and noted them in his diary. The Shoshones were also called the “Snake People” by some Plains Indians.
wickiup, also called wigwam, indigenous North American dwelling characteristic of many Northeast Indian peoples and in more limited use in the Plains, Great Basin, Plateau, and California culture areas. The wickiup was constructed of tall saplings driven into the ground, bent over, and tied together near the top.
Beds inside tipis were no more than buffalo hide mats and blankets layered on top of piles of grass and hay —very light weight and easily packed up for traveling. A small fire in the middle of the tipi was used for cooking and to provide warmth. Smoke escaped through a hole at the top of the tipi.
Tipis were used mainly by Plains Indians, such as the Lipan Apache, Comanche and Kiowa, after the Spanish introduced horses into North America about 500 years ago. Plains Indians groups moved across the Great Plains following migrating herds of buffalo that ranged from Canada to Texas.
The Shoshone Bannock tribes like to eat deer, elk, buffalo, moose, sheep, and antelope. They also like to eat salmon, trout, sturgeon, and perch. They gather berries, nuts, and seeds, they also gather roots such as bitterroot, and camas. They are usually steamed or boiled in earth ovens.