The Shawnees were farming people. Shawnee women planted and harvested corn and squash. Shawnee men hunted in the forest for deer, turkeys, and small game and went fishing in the rivers and lakes. Shawnee Indian food included soup, cornbread, and stews.
Men can only use their feet, but women are allowed to use their hands. Also, the Shawnee children played with dolls, games, and toys, such as small bow and arrows. Storytelling, dance, and craft-making are also important and fun activities within the Shawnee tradition and culture.
Each village had a large council house that was also used for such religious ceremonies as the ritual purification of warriors. Other important ceremonies included the spring Bread Dance, held when the fields were planted; the Green Corn Dance, marking the ripening of crops; and the autumn Bread Dance.
The Shawnee Tribe are also referred to as the Loyal Shawnee because they fought for the Union in the American Civil War. When the war was over they returned to Kansas to discover that their land had been taken over by settlers and homesteaders. One of the last Shawnee to resist leaving his homeland was Black Bob.
They were known to be fierce warriors and to occupy much of the Ohio river valley. They were involved in every major war that took place in the Americas up until the War of 1812. Their names show up during the French and Indian Wars, American Revolution, and they were well-known by pioneers such as Daniel Boone.
In the past, Shawnee kids had more chores and less time to play, just like early colonial children. But Shawnee children did have dolls, toys and games, like miniature bows and arrows and hand-held ball games.
The Shawnee people lived by their own tribal rules and ignored all outside influences. They were a mainly a peaceful people who tended to avoid confrontation unless threatened. They had a strong leader called Tecumseh, who even today holds influence with the Shawnee people.
The Shawnee were farming people. Shawnee women planted and harvested corn and squash. Shawnee men hunted in the forest for deer, turkeys, and small animals and went fishing in the rivers and lakes. Shawnee Indian food included soup, cornbread, and stews.
The Shawnee worshipped both a Great Spirit as well as the spirits of nature and natural objects such as mountains and animals. They also worshipped a deity known as Our Grandmother, who they believed responsible for creation and for drawing souls up to heaven in a net.
They operate their own housing authority as well as a tribal smoke shop, the Shawnee Trails Gift Shop and Gallery, Shawnee Development LLC, and Shawnee Heritage Government Solutions. Their annual economic impact is estimated by the Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commissions to be $3 million.
The Shawnee Tribe is a federally recognized sovereign nation with about 3,200 tribal citizens as of 2020. Shawnee citizens reside not only in Oklahoma, but also live and work throughout the world.
Shawnee clothing was made of dressed skins and consisted of a shirt for men and a longer overblouse for women. Both sexes wore leggings and moccasins. Their clothing was often decorated with dyed porcupine quills, bright-colored feathers, and paint.
The word Shawnee comes from the Algonquian word ‘shawun’ which means southerner. Other interpretations of the word suggest it might mean ” those who have silver “. The Iroquois called them the Ontoagannha, which meant People of Unintelligible Speech according to Allan Eckert in his book “That Dark and Bloody River.”
Kentuckians invading Shawnee villages in southern Ohio dug up graves to take scalps for trophies. Scalp bounties and scalp-taking also took place during the War of 1812 and in the American invasion of the West.
The Shawnee Tribe is an Algonquian-speaking people, who originally occupied lands in southern Ohio, West Virginia and western Pennsylvania. Their name comes from the Algonquian word “shawum” meaning “southerner,” and refers to their original location in the Ohio Valley south of the other Great Lakes Algonquian Tribes.