The Cheyenne of the Great Plains lived in teepees made from buffalo hides and wooden poles. The teepees were easily moved from place to place.
The Northern Cheyenne were once part of the Cheyenne Tribe. The tribe lived predominantly in what is now Minnesota, later migrating to the Dakota territory. They were a hard-working, nomadic people with a deep knowledge of and appreciation for the land.
Great Basin – This is a dry area and was one of the last to have contact with Europeans. The Great Basin tribes include the Washo, Ute, and Shoshone. Tribes of the Great Plains include the Blackfoot, Arapahoe, Cheyenne, Comanche and Crow.
The Northern Cheyenne Nation is located in present -day southeastern Montana and is approximately 444,000 acres in size. The Northern Cheyenne Nation has approximately 11,266 enrolled tribal members with about 5,000 residing on their lands in Montana.
Their lands ranged from the upper Missouri River into what is now Wyoming, Montana, Colorado, and South Dakota. The Ésevone / Hóhkėha’e (“Sacred Buffalo Hat”) is kept among the Northern Cheyenne and Northern Só’taeo’o.
The ancestral Sioux most likely lived in the Central Mississippi Valley region and later in Minnesota, for at least two or three thousand years. The ancestors of the Sioux arrived in the northwoods of central Minnesota and northwestern Wisconsin from the Central Mississippi River shortly before 800 AD.
The Cheyenne Today A total of 7,502 people reside on the Tongue River in Wyoming (Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation), and another 387 live on the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation in Oklahoma. Both reservations are recognized by the U.S. government, and have their own governing bodies and constitutions.
Native Americans account for more than 10% of the population in Alaska, Oklahoma, New Mexico and South Dakota. Alaska has the highest share of the American Indian and Alaska Native population at 22%, followed by Oklahoma with 16% and New Mexico with 12%.
Where did they live? Native Americans lived throughout North and South America. In the United States there were Native Americans in Alaska, Hawaii, and the mainland of the United States.
The Cheyenne tribe originally lived as farmers in earthlodges in the Sheyenne River valley. The were forced west to the Great Plains by the French and their Chippewa allies.
A breechcloth is a long rectangular piece of tanned deerskin, cloth, or animal fur. It is worn between the legs and tucked over a belt, so that the flaps fall down in front and behind. In some tribes, the breechcloth loops outside of the belt and then is tucked into the inside, for a more fitted look.
Who Were the Cheyenne? The Cheyenne tribe consisted of Native Americans that began as a woodland people in Minnesota before events of the late 1600s forced them into nomadic life on the Great Plains.
After the Revolution After the American victory, the British ceded their claim to land in the colonies, and the Americans forced their allies, the Mohawks and others, to give up their territories in New York. Most of the Mohawks migrated to Canada, where the Crown gave them some land in compensation.
Cheyenne, North American Plains Indians who spoke an Algonquian language and inhabited the regions around the Platte and Arkansas rivers during the 19th century. Before 1700 the Cheyenne lived in what is now central Minnesota, where they farmed, hunted, gathered wild rice, and made pottery.
The name Cheyenne is probably a Lakota term meaning “people of different speech” or “red talkers.” The town literally sprang into existence, engulfed by numerous barkeeps, gamblers, merchants, and prostitutes who inhabited the “Hell on Wheels” communities that traveled with the construction gangs of the railroad.
The town site was first surveyed by General Grenville Dodge and was named for an Indian tribe that roamed the area (originally called ‘Shey’ an’ nah’, belonging to the tribe of Alogonquian, the largest family of Indians on the North American Continent).