The Timucua were dark-skinned with black hair. They wore minimal clothing woven from moss or crafted from various animal skins. Much of what we know about early Timucuan culture comes not from the Spanish but from the French.
The Timucua, like other Native Americans, were fishermen, and they lived near the marsh and along the creeks and rivers where fishing was easy. Timucuan men made tools for hunting and fishing. They used spears, clubs, bows and arrows to kill their game.
In the early 1700s Timucua territory was invaded by the Creek Indians and the English. As a result of these incursions, many Timucua died in armed conflict, perished from deprivation, or succumbed to Old World diseases to which they had no immunity.
Timucua houses are like pyramids and built with flexible wall post. wigwams are round shaped homes with smoke hole for 1 family. They also long houses large homes where 8 or 10 family can live in. They also put palisades around their villages with tall logs.
The Timucua believed in omens, which meant they interpreted random events as having a deeper meaning about the future.
Timucua is a language isolate formerly spoken in northern and central Florida and southern Georgia by the Timucua peoples. Timucua was the primary language used in the area at the time of Spanish colonization in Florida. Timucua language.
The village was discovered by Spanish explorers led by Alvaro Mexia, in the early 1600s. The explorers wrote that the Timucuan were “giants covered in many tattoos” noting their tall stature and distinctive body markings.
About 500 years ago the native people became known as the Woodland Indians. In North Florida lived two highly organized, farming tribes the Apalachee of the Tallahassee Hills and the Timucuans, located between the Aucilla River and the Atlantic Ocean as far south as Tampa Bay.
The Timucuan wore loin cloths due to the heat; clothing was minimal. Men’s loin cloths were made of deer skin and sometimes woven palm fronds. They did not wear shoes at all the (Timucuans were always shown barefooted). Their toenails were sharpened and occasionally they would wear ankle bracelets.
The Timucua were a Native American people who lived in Northeast and North Central Florida and southeast Georgia. The Spanish came to use the term more broadly for other peoples in the area. Eventually it became the common term for all peoples who spoke what is known as the Timucuan language.
They used spears, clubs, bows and arrows, and blowguns, to kill their game. Some of the game that they used for food included bears, deer, wild turkey, and alligators. They smoked the meat over open fires. The women would clean and prepare the animal hides and use them for clothing.
Many historians and archaeologists give the word a Spanish pronunciation: tee-moo-kwa. Regardless of pronunciation, if you say the name with respect, you are saying it correctly. WHEN DID THE TIMUCUA LIVE IN FLORIDA?
Because of their proximity to both the bay and freshwater streams, the Tocobaga fished and gathered shellfish as their primary source of food. They also ate manatees, which were abundant in the nearby waters. During this time, the Tampa Bay area was rich with animals such as deer, rabbits, armadillo, and squirrels.
The Calusa Indians were coastal people who ate mostly fish, oysters, and other seafood. Hunters also shot birds and small game.
Like the other tribes in South Florida, the Tequesta were hunters and gatherers. They relied mainly on fish, shellfish, nuts, and berries for food.