A charley horse can be caused by a direct blow or sudden stretch of the muscle, but most of the time they’re caused by strain or fatigue during exercise.
If you have a cramp, these actions may provide relief:
Improper sitting position. Sitting with your legs crossed or your toes pointed for long periods of time shortens the calf muscles, which could lead to cramping. Prolonged standing. Research suggests that people who stand for long periods of time at work are more likely to experience nocturnal leg cramps.
Some of the other causes include:
These spasms are marked by uncomfortable muscle contractions. If the contracting muscles don’t relax for several seconds or more, the pain can be severe. Severe charley horses can result in muscle soreness that lasts anywhere from a few hours to a day. This is normal, so long as the pain isn’t prolonged or recurring.
A DVT blood clot can cause a calf cramp that feels a lot like a charley horse. Like leg pain, the cramping sensation with DVT will persist and even worsen with time. It won’t clear up with stretching or walking it off like an ordinary charley horse.
Magnesium is a widely used remedy for leg cramps.
Too little potassium, calcium or magnesium in your diet can contribute to leg cramps. Diuretics — medications often prescribed for high blood pressure — also can deplete these minerals.
Drink plenty of fluids. Sports drinks, such as Gatorade, will often help leg cramps.
Cramping. They’re a total pain in the butt. Well, actually, in the side… and stomach… and legs. Every runner—from the everyday to the elite—has experienced the painful, wrenching, stop-everything-and-fall-to-your-knees horror that is the mid-run cramp.
Oz Show,” Dr. Mehmet Oz recommended placing a bar of lavender soap beneath the bed sheets to alleviate RLS, hypothesizing that the smell of lavender is relaxing in itself and may be beneficial for the condition.
The answer is yes. Poor circulation in the legs’ arteries can be a sign of poor circulation in heart arteries. A person having leg cramps, not being able to walk as much or having pain in the legs at rest must be tested for poor circulation or Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD).
Massage, a bath with Epsom salts, or a heating pad can relax the muscle. To fight pain, use an ice pack or take an over-the-counter medication like ibuprofen or naproxen. In most cases, the charley horse will stop within a few minutes. But if you get them often and for no clear reason, tell your doctor.