Here’s what to do:
Horses need constant access to a dry, safe, comfortable shelter to protect them from rain, wind, and snow. In warm and sunny weather, the shelter you supply will provide your companion with much needed shade and relief from biting insects.
A good general rule is to allow two horses per equivalent stall size of about 12-by-12 feet (i.e., a run-in for four horses would have 12 by 24 feet of space).
A stable is a building in which livestock, especially horses, are kept. It most commonly means a building that is divided into separate stalls for individual animals.
Provide shade, airflow (use fans) and free access to clean water during hot weather. Avoid riding your horse when the combined air temperature (F) and relative humidity is over 150, especially if the horse is not acclimated to the heat. … If near a water source, use a hose to spray the horse continuously with cool water.
Horses can live on grass alone, but it depends on the horse and the type of grazing, says Dr Mac. Wild horses are living and multiplying out on the range all over the world, including South Africa.
There is scant experimental work on what domesticated horses need or would choose with regards to physical shelter. But if we survey the research and observations that are available, we can say that most acclimatized, healthy horses can be provided an outdoor living environment with only natural shelter, such as trees.
Not all horses will need a stable/housing. … However, where horses are of less hardy breeding (that is thoroughbreds), clipped, very young or elderly they may require stable accommodation/housing or other shelter to protect them from the cold and damp or very hot weather.
In general, professionals recommend two acres for the first horse and an additional acre for each additional horse (e.g., five acres for four horses). And, of course, more land is always better depending on the foraging quality of your particular property (70% vegetative cover is recommended).
The whole point of investing in a mobile field shelter is to provide a place where your animals can shelter from the weather. In the winter, if you leave your field shelter with the open side facing towards a prevailing wind, your exposing your animals to a blast of freezing cold air, rain, hail and snow.
A horse who kicks the walls until he’s damaged a leg is no better off than a wet horse out in the rain. A gentle or even a steady rainfall likely won’t jeopardize a horse’s health. A cold rainfall would probably call for at least a run-in shed. A chance for severe lightning or winds could be life-threatening.
Size – Minimize the size of the paddock or corrals. There should be at least 600 square feet per horse but paddocks should be less than one acre.