For example, if you have a 1,000 pound horse who is in light work, a good diet might consist of 17 pounds of hay or hay cubes and 3 pounds of grain per day. The same 1,000 pound horse in a heavy work program may need 10 pounds of hay and 10 pounds of grain, since the grain is higher in energy.
If a horse is receiving four scoops of feed per day, this could mean the difference between 8 pounds and 12 pounds of feed per day. Knowing the horse’s diet Ideally, every feed room would have a scale so that the feed could be weighed before each meal.
Measure feed accurately and feed consistently
The average thousand-pound horse who relies on hay for all their forage typically eats fifteen to twenty pounds of hay per day. Most hay is dispensed in flakes; however, the amount of hay in a flake can vary greatly, depending on the size of the flake and the kind of hay.
1200 lb horse, in light exercise. In this example, this horse would need to eat between 4.8 and 7.2 lbs per day of this feed to receive the nutrition he needs. Some horses that are easier keepers can fall to the lower end of the range, while harder keepers may need to push the upper limit.
Generally speaking, a pelleted feed stored in ideal conditions won’t begin to lose nutritional quality until it is approximately 6 months old. That’s a long time for a feed to still be good! On the other hand, textured feed tends to lose nutritional quality around 90 days from date of manufacture.
The basic model of feed scoop measures sweet and textured feed on one side, pelleted feed on the other, and can measure up to 1.25 pounds of textured feed or 1.5 pounds of pellets.
A 2-litre (1/2-gallon) scoop of a pelleted feed may weigh up to 1.5 kg (3 lb), whereas that same 2-litre scoop of lucerne (alfalfa) chaff will weigh much less. Feeds may be weighed accurately and conveniently using common types of scales.
Conventional knowledge says that horses should be fed grain once or twice a day. … But feeding at the same time each day doesn’t help your horse. In fact, you’re likely doing him more harm than good by sticking to this strict schedule.
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The answer is that he is severely inflamed. The amount of energy being consumed by the horse to keep the grain out is greater than the amount of energy being produced by the digestion of the grain. A net negative energy consumption occurs causing the horse to use fat and muscle to maintain life.
Sweet feed is bad for horses—it’s nothing but sugar.” … Although molasses does contain sugar, the molasses used in many modern sweet feed products has lower levels of sugar than that of yesteryear. And, as with any feed related condition, proper management can minimize the problem.