InvertebratesAnimalMaximum recorded speedHorsefly145 km/h (90 mph)Members of Loliginidae and Ommastrephidae36 km/h (22 mph)Paratarsotomus macropalpis22 cm/s (8.7 in/s) 800 m/h (730 ft/ks)Tiger beetle6.8 km/h (4.2 mph)
The Fastest Flying Insect: Dragonflies are known to travel at the speed of 35 miles an hour. Hawk Moths, which have been clocked at a speed of 33.7 miles an hour, come in second.
Horseflies are most active in hot weather, mostly in summer and autumn during the daylight hours. Most species also prefer a wet environment, which makes it easier for them to breed. Eggs are generally laid on stones close to water or on plant stems or leaves.
Horse flies are attracted towards dark moving objects and carbon di-oxide, and this is how they locate a prey.
And, while light is still by far the fastest thing in the universe, moving at a staggering speed of 299791.82 km/h, the following list contains some of the other closest things to reach that title of “World’s Fastest.”
The fastest recorded speed is that of an Asian giant hornet which can fly up to 25 mph. They become especially aggressive once the new queen is fully developed by late autumn, and will attack at full momentum. Yellowjackets move their wings in the same way honey bees do, but can only fly up to 7 mph.
Horse flies torture horses and other animals, including humans, with abandon. An accidental but long-standing remedy that horse flies seem to hate is Avon’s Skin-So-Soft bath oil. Vinegar — white or apple cider — is another. Each is safe for animals or people; just pour in spray bottles and apply.
The best way to minimize the risk of being bitten is to stay indoors, since these insects prefer to remain outdoors. Wearing heavy clothing and protective hats can make it more difficult (although not impossible) for a horse fly to bite.
It sucks blood for food and to reproduce, he said, and should be seen as part of the biodiversity of the planet, albeit an annoying one. And birds do eat horseflies, so the insects do have some utility, Gammelmo says, even though it’s not known how much of the diet of a bird the fly represents.
Will a horse fly bite me? Horse flies attack large mammals, such as humans, dogs, and, of course, horses. They’re most attracted to moving objects and dark objects. … They’ve been known to chase their victims for a short time if their first bite doesn’t get them the satisfying meal they were hoping for.
TL;DR (Too Long; Didn’t Read)
In both species, only the females bite to feed on blood; the males feed on plant products. The insects leave saliva under the skin as they feed. The saliva briefly thins the blood and prevents it from clotting so that it is easier to feed on.