Algonquin women wore long dresses with removable sleeves and the men wore breechcloths and leggings. Both genders wore moccasins on their feet and cloaks in bad weather.
The most common clothing was the tunic, loincloth, leggings and moccasins. In winter, bearskins were widely used, especially for capes. For smaller garments such as hats and mittens, muskrat and beaver furs were chosen because of their impermeability.
Traditionally, most Native American cultures relied on some combination of leggings; breechclout, or simple short-like coverings; and shirt or jacket for men, and leggings and a full-length dress for women. Leather shoes, known as moccasins were also worn.
In the Algonquin tribe they made their own clothing. They were mostly made out of animal skin, bird and fish skins. Clothing is important in the Algonquin culture because the Algonquins needed to show their culture and to protect their body.
All First Nations across the country, with the exception of the Pacific Coast, made their clothing—usually tunics, leggings and moccasins —of tanned animal skin. Woodland and northern First Nations used moose, deer or caribou skin.
Most Algonquins live in Quebec. The nine Algonquin bands in that province and one in Ontario have a combined population of about 11,000. The Algonquin are original natives of southern Quebec and eastern Ontario in Canada. Today they live in nine communities in Quebec and one in Ontario.
The Algonquins are known for their work with beads. Many of their clothes are decorated with colorful beads. They also made baskets. They were very famous for the stories they told.
The well known garments and items of traditional clothing and ceremonial dress included the breechcloths, buckskin shirts, deerskin dresses, the fringes, animal robes and furs, feather headdresses, roach headdresses, shawls, headbands, breastplates, belts and pouches of the American Indians.
Indians are wearing ethnic outfits like ghagra-choli, dhoti-kurta, salwar-suit, kurta-pajama, saree in wedding and some special occasion. This ethnic wear followed by all age of people. Much different dance style also comes with their own ethnic- traditional wear that type of dance is called folk dance.
Men usually wore a breechclout or breechcloth (a long rectangular piece of cloth or hide worn with a belt) and leggings, fur trousers or short kilt. Sometimes they used shirts. Leather shoes called “moccasins” or boots called “mukluks” complemented the costume.
The men hunted moose, caribou, beaver, otter, and other small animals. The women gathered nuts, greens, and berries. The women grew corn, beans, and squash. One main food was the wild rice the Indians gathered that grew in the marshlands around the Great Lakes.
Homes. The Algonquins and Great Lake tribes lived in villages which usually had eight or nine hundred Indians. In the village the Indians built dome-shaped wigwams which they made from saplings covered with birch, chestnut, oak, or elm. The Indians placed bark and animal hides over the roof of their wigwams.
Like many other Native American tribes, the Algonquin Indians were deeply spiritual and had a religion founded on animism, the belief that a spiritual world animated and interacted with the physical world.
Métis clothing was a blending of that worn by French-Canadian fur traders and First Nations groups. The men wore deerskin pants, leggings, moccasins and a long hooded coat, called a capote, fastened with a sash. The women wore simple dresses with high necklines, often with shawls and moccasins.
There is no standard practice of regalia among Indigenous peoples in Canada because of the variation in cultural practices across different First Nation, Métis and Inuit communities. Regalia can reflect an individual’s connection to their ancestors, family members and clan.
Metis men used to wear traditional fur-covered clothes that were made either by tanned deerskin or moose hide.