Gonorrhea isn’t spread through casual contact, so you CAN ‘T get it from sharing food or drinks, kissing, hugging, holding hands, coughing, sneezing, or sitting on toilet seats. Many people with gonorrhea don’t have any symptoms, but they can still spread the infection to others.
Gonorrhea is spread through sexual contact. This includes penis to vagina, penis to mouth, penis to rectum and mouth to vagina contact. Gonorrhea can also be spread from mother to child during birth.
A gonorrhea infection is caused by Neisseria gonorrhea bacteria. It can be sexually transmitted by vaginal, oral, or anal means. After just one episode of sex with an infected partner, a female has a 60% to 90% chance of being infected by a male, while a male’s risk of being infected by a female is only 20%.
The incubation period, the time from exposure to the bacteria until symptoms develop, is usually 2 to 5 days. But sometimes symptoms may not develop for up to 30 days. Gonorrhea may not cause symptoms until the infection has spread to other areas of the body.
Gonorrhea is almost always transmitted during sex and it is highly unlikely that you catch it without having sex. However, you can catch it without penetration, for example if your genitals touch those of an infected partner.
Non-viral STDs, like chlamydia and gonorrhea, can be cured. However, they usually don’t have symptoms, or symptoms can come and go, making it seem like an infection went away when it actually didn’t.
The first noticeable symptom in men is often a burning or painful sensation during urination. As it progresses, other symptoms may include: greater frequency or urgency of urination. a pus -like discharge (or drip) from the penis (white, yellow, beige, or greenish)
However, men who do have symptoms, may have: A burning sensation when urinating; A white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis; Painful or swollen testicles (although this is less common).
Gonorrhea symptoms in men can include: Burning when you pee. The urge to pee more than usual. Pus or white, yellow, or green discharge coming from your penis.
The only way to know for sure is to see a doctor or other healthcare provider for a throat swab. Like strep throat, oral gonorrhea may cause a sore throat with redness, but strep throat often also causes white patches in the throat. Other symptoms of strep throat include: a sudden fever, often 101˚F (38˚C) or higher.
This is known as dual treatment. Using both antibiotics helps clear the infection better than using only one treatment alone. As with chlamydia, don’t have sex until the infection clears, and be sure to take your entire dose. Gonorrhea is more likely than chlamydia to become resistant to antibiotics.
Adults with gonorrhea are treated with antibiotics. Due to emerging strains of drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that uncomplicated gonorrhea be treated with the antibiotic ceftriaxone — given as an injection — with oral azithromycin ( Zithromax ).