Most experts believe that the risk of sexual transmission of HCV is low. Most studies show that only a small percentage of people – usually ranging from 0-3% – contract HCV through unprotected heterosexual intercourse with a long-term, monogamous HCV -positive partner.
The risk of getting hepatitis C through sex is low, but it is possible. Without using condoms, the following situations increase your risk of getting hepatitis C from sex: If you or your partner have HIV or another sexually transmitted disease. Have multiple sexual partners.
Hepatitis A can be spread from close, personal contact with an infected person, such as through certain types of sexual contact (like oral-anal sex), caring for someone who is ill, or using drugs with others. Hepatitis A is very contagious, and people can even spread the virus before they feel sick.
Can you get hepatitis C from oral sex? There’s no evidence that HCV can be spread through oral sex. However, it may still be possible if blood is present from either the person giving or receiving oral sex.
According to the CDC, hepatitis C isn’t spread by sharing silverware or drinking glasses, or through water or foods. Showing affection by holding hands, hugging, or kissing is also safe, Lee says. And although germs from sneezing or coughing might cause you to get a cold, they won’t give you hepatitis C.
For most people there is no legal obligation to tell your employer that you have, or have had hep C. Only under special circumstances will you need to tell people this information.
Persons with acute hepatitis C virus infection are generally contagious from one or more weeks before the onset of symptoms. The contagious period is indefinite in chronically infected persons. All persons who test positive should be considered to be potentially contagious.
The hepatitis C virus slowly damages the liver over many years, often progressing from inflammation to permanent, irreversible scarring (cirrhosis). Often, people have no signs or symptoms of liver disease or have only mild symptoms for years or even decades until they develop cirrhosis.
This is when HCV infected blood directly enters another person’s bloodstream. Saliva and tears are not infectious. Semen and genital fluids may be infectious but there is less research on this. As with HIV, you cannot transmit or catch HCV by touching, kissing, hugging, or from sharing cutlery, cups or dishes.
If you do, hepatitis signs and symptoms can include: Fatigue. Sudden nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain or discomfort, especially on the upper right side beneath your lower ribs (by your liver) Clay-colored bowel movements. Loss of appetite. Low-grade fever. Dark urine. Joint pain.
Hepatitis C usually spreads through contact with infected blood. Dried blood may carry the active virus, but it would have to enter another person’s bloodstream for infection to occur. Urine, sweat, and semen do not carry enough of the virus to pass it on.