The number of concussions sustained during practice and gameplay in 2018 fell somewhat, from a total of 281 in 2017 to a total of 214 in 2018, according to the NFL’s injury data. And then increased again to a total of 224 in 2019.
The risks of sustaining multiple concussions are serious. Research has shown that people who have multiple concussions are at an increased risk of long-term impairment, such as forgetfulness, “foggy” thinking, difficulty concentrating, balance issues, difficulty focusing and trouble with eyesight.
What is CTE? CTE is a brain disease that results from changes in the brain. These changes can affect how a person thinks, feels, acts, and moves. Traumatic brain injuries, including concussions, and repeated hits to the head, called subconcussive head impacts, may lead to CTE.
I suffered a concussion. Is that going to give me CTE? One concussion in the absence of other brain trauma has never been seen to cause CTE. The best evidence available today suggests that CTE is not caused by any single injury, but rather it is caused by years of regular, repetitive brain trauma.
In post- concussion syndrome symptoms persist longer than would be expected from the nature of the injury. They often get WORSE over time whereas symptoms directly related to a head injury are worst at the beginning and slowly improve.
The three sports with the highest concussion rates were: Boys’ football, 10.4 concussions per 10,000 athlete exposures. Girls’ soccer, 8.19 per 10,000 athlete exposures. Boys’ ice hockey, 7.69 per 10,000 athlete exposures.
Does a brain injury affect a person’s intelligence? Brain injury can affect many cognitive abilities that make it more difficult for a person to learn new information. However, most of the time, it does not change a person’s overall intelligence.
Concussions are just one form of traumatic brain injury, though they are considered milder than other forms. Rate of concussion in the U.S. from 2010 to 2015, by age (per 1,000 members)
|Rate per 1,000 members|
Kuechly was selected to seven Pro Bowls and was a first-team All-Pro five times. However, he suffered three concussions during his career, which may have led to his decision.
It’s not reversible or curable. Mez says there can be no therapies to treat CTE until it can be diagnosed in living patients. However, some of the symptoms can be treated. For example, behavioral therapies can help treat mood changes.
Athletes who have sustained three or more concussions are more likely to have long-term cognitive impairment and emotional struggles. Concussions can accelerate the onset of dementia and an Alzheimer’s disease-like condition known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
Stage 3. Patients typically display more cognitive deficits, ranging from memory loss to executive and visuospatial functioning deficits as well as symptoms of apathy. Stage 4. Patients have profound language deficits, psychotic symptoms such as paranoia as well as motor deficits and parkinsonism.
Typical symptoms of CTE include: short-term memory loss – such as asking the same question several times, or having difficulty remembering names or phone numbers. changes in mood – such as frequent mood swings, depression, and feeling increasingly anxious, frustrated or agitated.
There is currently no way to diagnose CTE. It can only be suspected in people who are at high risk due to repeated head trauma over the course of years during their sports or military experiences.
The McKee staging scheme defined four pathological stages of CTE, stages I (mild) to IV (severe), based on the density and regional deposition of hyperphosphorylated tau (p-tau) pathology.