Cardiac symptoms of chocolate toxicity occur around 40 to 50 mg/kg, and seizures occur at dosages greater than 60 mg/kg. In simpler terms, that means a very concerning dose of chocolate is approximately one ounce of milk chocolate per pound of body weight.
If there’s a possibility your dog has eaten chocolate, keep an eye out for the symptoms above. Symptoms of chocolate poisoning will usually show within six to 12 hours, but could appear within one hour. If you know your dog has eaten chocolate, act immediately and don’t wait for the signs to appear.
Different chocolate types have different theobromine levels. The high level of theobromine in dark chocolate means it takes only a very small amount to poison a dog. Less than an ounce of dark chocolate may be enough to poison a 44-pound dog.
It will take just one ounce per pound of body weight of your dog to deadly poison it. One pound of milk chocolate is poisonous enough for 20 pound dog. While half pound is enough for a 10 pound dog. From our study, we found that the average chocolate bar found in the market contains 2/3 ounces of milk chocolate.
Unfortunately, dogs can die if they consume too much chocolate. However, there are numerous factors to take into consideration before jumping to the conclusion that your dog will immediately die if they get into your chocolate stash.
The most common way vets treat chocolate poisoning is to use fluids and IV drugs, he says. For example, they’ll use a drug called apomorphine to force vomiting, stomach pumping to flush the stomach with fluids, and medicine called activated charcoal to prevent the chocolate from getting into your dog’s blood.
If the animal has just been observed eating chocolate, the veterinarian may choose to induce vomiting. If time has passed since the ingestion, activated charcoal may be administered to help prevent additional absorption of the theobromine into the puppy’s circulatory system.
What are the clinical signs of chocolate poisoning? For many dogs, the most common clinical signs are vomiting and diarrhea, increased thirst, panting or restlessness, excessive urination, and a racing heart rate. In severe cases, muscle tremors, seizures, and heart failure can be seen.
Symptoms of Chocolate Toxicity Do not attempt to induce vomiting if there are symptoms; just go to the vet. Signs of chocolate toxicity include: Panting. Vomiting.
Chocolate and dogs treatment There is no antidote to theobromine. In most cases, your vet will make your dog vomit. They may wash out the stomach and feed activated charcoal which will absorb any theobromine left in the intestine.
Threat to pets For milk chocolate, any ingestion of more than 0.5 ounces per pound of body weight may put dogs at risk for chocolate poisoning. Ingestions of more than 0.13 ounces per pound of dark or semi-sweet chocolate may cause poisoning.
In short, a small amount of chocolate won’t kill the average-sized dog (but don’t make it a habit of feeding it to them!). In the event that your dog has ingested more than a few chocolate chips, it’s best to induce vomiting through hydrogen peroxide ( one teaspoon for every 10 lbs of your dog’s body weight).
According to the AKC website, it can take 6 to 12 hours for your dog to show any symptoms of chocolate poisoning, and symptoms can last up to 72 hours. If you know your dog has eaten chocolate, do not wait to see symptoms. It’s best to treat your dog before he shows the signs of feeling sick.
According to The Merck Veterinary Manual, 8th Edition Online, “clinical signs of toxicity can occur with ingestion of ~0.04 oz (1.3 mg) of baker’s chocolate or 0.4 oz (13 mg) of milk chocolate per kilogram of body weight.” This means that a one-ounce (28 gram) square of baker’s chocolate would cause symtoms in a 50 –