Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are considered for reelection every even year. Senators however, serve six-year terms and elections to the Senate are staggered over even years so that only about 1/3 of the Senate is up for reelection during any election.
Senators are elected to six-year terms, and every two years the members of one class–approximately one-third of the senators–face election or reelection.
House of Representatives Representatives Term Expirations. All House members are elected for two years. All members stand for reelection in the general election during even years and begin serving the first day of the legislative session following the general election (the second Monday of January).
Further, the constitutional requirement that Representatives must stand for election every two years has defined the House as an institution that is responsive to the will of the people and that serves as a forum for their political priorities. The House is the larger of Congress’s two legislative bodies.
The Congress of the United States consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. California’s delegation to Congress consists of two senators and 52 representatives. Senators are elected for a term of six years and representatives are elected for a term of two years.
Each state has a minimum of one representative in Congress. The House and Senate have evolved into very different bodies. They have entirely separate rules and ways of conducting business. Today, Congress consists of 100 senators (two from each state) and 435 voting members of the House of Representatives.
Congress does have the power to propose the amendment to the people and the States. The vote on term limits is simply that: a vote to allow the people, through their representatives, to decide on term limits.
All 34 Class 3 Senate seats are up for election in 2022; Class 3 currently consists of 14 Democrats and 20 Republicans.
To be elected, a representative must be at least 25 years old, a United States citizen for at least seven years and an inhabitant of the state he or she represents.
Combined U.S. House and Senate time
|1||59 years, 21 days||John Dingell (H)|
|2||57 years, 176 days||Robert Byrd (H, S)|
|3||56 years, 319 days||Carl Hayden (H, S)|
|4||53 years, 118 days||Daniel Inouye (H, S)|
Because the House wanted a manageable number of members, Congress twice set the size of the House at 435 voting members. The first law to do so was passed on August 8, 1911. Finally, in 1929 the Permanent Apportionment Act became law. It permanently set the maximum number of representatives at 435.
The Constitution prescribes that the Senate be composed of two senators from each State (therefore, the Senate currently has 100 Members) and that a senator must be at least thirty years of age, have been a citizen of the United States for nine years, and, when elected, be a resident of the State from which he or she
To guarantee senators ‘ independence from short- term political pressures, the framers designed a six – year Senate term, three times as long as that of popularly elected members of the House of Representatives. Madison reasoned that longer terms would provide stability.
Congressional elections occur every two years. Voters choose one-third of senators and every member of the House of Representatives. Midterm elections occur halfway between presidential elections. The congressional elections in November 2018 were “midterms.”
The Constitution set the number of Representatives at 65 from 1787 until the first enumeration in 1790. The first apportionment, based on the 1790 census, resulted in 105 members.