By forming four covalent bonds, carbon shares four pairs of electrons, thus filling its outer energy level and achieving stability.
The Octet Rule requires all atoms in a molecule to have 8 valence electrons –either by sharing, losing or gaining electrons –to become stable. For Covalent bonds, atoms tend to share their electrons with each other to satisfy the Octet Rule.
all isotopes of carbon atoms have 6 electrons and 6 protons, which is why the atomic number of carbon is 6.
A carbon also has six electrons, but they are so small that they don’t contribute to carbon’s weight. An element is defined by the number of protons in its nucleus.
There are four general types of carbon bonding: single, double, triple and aromatic bonding.
Each nitrogen atom follows the octet rule with one lone pair of electrons and six electrons that are shared between the atoms.
Explanation: Oxygen can form two single bonds because it has six valent electrons on its outer shell. It is easier for an oxygen atom to accept or share two electrons instead of losing all six to become stable (Remember that stability involves having a filled outer shell.
1) a) A loses two electrons.
1 Answer. By looking at the periodic table, you can see that Nitrogen is group 5 and therefore must have 5 valence electrons. So for 2 nitrogen atoms there would be 10 valence electrons altogether. By the octet rule, there must be 8 electrons for each atom.
The Carbon atom has six electrons, 4 of the electrons are in its valence shell (outershell). This is because the p orbitals have the same energy and the electrons would rather be in separate orbitals.
Every carbon atom has six protons, and the majority of carbon atoms have six neutrons. A carbon -12 atom has 6 protons (6P) and 6 neutrons (6N). But some types of carbon have more than six neutrons. We call forms of elements that have a different number of neutrons, isotopes.
A neutral atom is an atom where the charges of the electrons and the protons balance. Luckily, one electron has the same charge (with opposite sign) as a proton. Example: Carbon has 6 protons. The neutral Carbon atom has 6 electrons.
Answer; There are 6 atoms of hydrogen, 3 atoms of carbon and 1 atom of oxygen.
Carbon gets its name from the Latin word carbo, which means “coal.” Diamonds and graphite are among the hardest and softest natural materials known, respectively. Carbon monoxide kills by binding to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying compound in the blood.
A neutral atom of Carbon – 12 contains six protons, six neutrons, and six electrons; therefore, it has a mass number of 12 (six protons plus six neutrons).