They can live between 40- 50 years. They can carry about 400 pounds and run up to 40 miles per hour. It’s true that camels can go long periods of time without drinking water, and they can drink about 26 gallons of water at a time. If that’s not interesting enough, camels have three sets of eyelids.
Evolution. The extinct Protylopus, which occurred in North America during the upper Eocene, is the oldest and the smallest-known camel.
Subsequent generations have a variety of one-and-a-half humps: a single hump with two crests; two clearly articulated small humps; or one large and one small hump. The cross never results in a three – humped camel.
Camels are perfectly adapt to living in this extremely changeable environment. But camels need to withstand blistering heat AND freezing cold so they store their fat away from their body to keep them cool in the summer, and rely on a super thick coat for those -40⁰C desert winters.
They withstand outrageous desert temperatures, but also regularly survive in snow covered mountains. A camel in the snow doesn’t seem quite right, but when you are built for the conditions it’s all automatic. To withstand both heat and cold, camels have a woolly coat of insulating fur.
Camels are smarter than horses, indeed! They are intelligent and emotional animals, and form close bonds with humans. The typical domestic camel can be taught to follow specific commands, even though they can be stubborn at times.
Bactrian camels have two humps – like the letter “B”. The humps are used to store fat that converts to energy when needed. Bactrian camels are shorter and heavier than the one-humped dromedary camels found in Africa and the Middle East.
The dromedary ( one – humped ) camel allows a rider to sit in front of, on top of, or behind the hump; the Bactrian (two- humped ) camel is saddled between humps. This saddle places the rider behind the hump.
Cut to 2020, Australia has the world’s largest herd of wild camels and their population is estimated to be about 3,00,000, spread across 37 per cent of the Australian mainland.
Camels are stronger than horses, they can carry heavier loads. In fact, in Iran, they’d use them with light cannons mounted on their backs as a kind of mobile artillery called a zamburak.
Camels are slightly slower than horses because they can only reach speeds of around 20 to 25 miles per hour while horses have an average gallop speed around 25 to 30 miles per hour. Racehorses are usually a bit faster than regular camels, but camels that are trained to race can be just as fast.
Camel is a seasonal breeder and their reproduction is different as compared to other livestock as both male and female come into heat during the breeding season. The terminology used in case of males is “Thoot”, “Rutt” or “Musth”.
As the fat is burned, water is produced as one of the byproducts. This extra water enters the camel’s bloodstream to add to its water supply. They also conserve water by not sweating as much as humans. A camel’s metabolism lowers at night, making its body temperature much lower than a person’s.
Camels do not like rainy weather or muddy ground because they may be more unsteady on their feet than a horse or bovine in the mud. It can be hard to find a veterinarian who can care for camels, too, she said — most camels really don’t like veterinarians.