made up of the three estates, met in 1789 for the first time in 150 years, called to help solve some of the issues France was having including the power struggle between the people and the royal family and the peasants complaints about their lack of supplies and rights.
Peasants were unhappy with the depletion of royal coffers, two decades of poor harvests, drought, cattle disease and skyrocketing bread prices. Peasants had heavy taxes imposed on them while the Catholic Church got off scot-free. They expressed this resentment through riots, loots and strikes.
From the point of view of the peasants, rapid population growth, harvest failures, physiocratic calls for modernization of agriculture, and rising seigneurial dues motivated peasants to destroy feudalism in France. They played a major role in starting the French Revolution in 1789.
The rural peasantry made up the largest portion of the Third Estate. Most peasants worked the land as feudal tenants or sharecroppers and were required to pay a range of taxes, tithes and feudal dues. 3. A much smaller section of the Third Estate were skilled and unskilled urban workers, living in cities like Paris.
What are two reasons that many peasants opposed the Revolution? They were Catholics and they supported the monarchy. Foreign monarchs feared revolution and the other countries formed alliances and attacked France.
France – Peasant insurgencies | Britannica.
Terms in this set ( 5 ) International. Struggle for hegemony and the Empire resource of the state. Political conflict. Is a conflict between the Monarchy & the nobility over the reform of the tax system that led to paralysis. The Enlightenment. Social antagonisms between two rising groups. Economic hardship.
10 Major Causes of the French Revolution #1 Social Inequality in France due to the Estates System. #2 Tax Burden on the Third Estate. #3 The Rise of the Bourgeoisie. #4 Ideas put forward by Enlightenment philosophers. #5 Financial Crisis caused due to Costly Wars. #6 Drastic Weather and Poor Harvests in the preceding years. #7 The Rise in the Cost of Bread.
Peasants suffered social, economic,and politicalinequalities. Peasants suffered from out-of-date feudal dues thatwere being collected with renewed vigor, leading up to theRevolution.
Life was difficult for peasants. 1)expected to obey their “betters” and pay dues and taxes to local nobility, church, and king. 2)Hardship, hunger, and suffering 3) vast majority worked in agriculture.
France’s Debt Problems France’s prolonged involvement in the Seven Years’ War of 1756–1763 drained the treasury, as did the country’s participation in the American Revolution of 1775–1783. These decades of fiscal irresponsibility were one of the primary factors that led to the French Revolution.
The bulk of a peasant’s diet came from the consumption of bread, with an adult male eating as much as two or three pounds in a day. Breads might contain oats, rye or other grains. However, the bread French peasants ate was not the fluffy but crusty white baguette we associate with France today.
Before the Revolution France was a monarchy ruled by the king. The king had total power over the government and the people. The people of France were divided into three social classes called “estates.” The First Estate was the clergy, the Second Estate was the nobles, and the Third Estate was the commoners.
8. How did European monarchs and nobles feel about the French Revolution? They opposed it because they feared the revolution would spread.
Estates-General, also called States General, French États-Généraux, in France of the pre-Revolution monarchy, the representative assembly of the three “estates,” or orders of the realm: the clergy ( First Estate ) and nobility ( Second Estate )—which were privileged minorities—and the Third Estate, which represented the