On 12 July 927, the various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms were united by Æthelstan (r. 927–939) to form the Kingdom of England. In 1016, the kingdom became part of the North Sea Empire of Cnut the Great, a personal union between England, Denmark and Norway.
The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Paleolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries.
The origins of the United Kingdom can be traced to the time of the Anglo-Saxon king Athelstan, who in the early 10th century ce secured the allegiance of neighbouring Celtic kingdoms and became “the first to rule what previously many kings shared between them,” in the words of a contemporary chronicle.
The name Albion came from viewing and then describing a geographical feature. When the Romans left and Germanic tribes has settled, the area now known as England became known as: the land of the Angles or Englaland. Over time that name began to sound different, Englaland became England.
The four main kingdoms in Anglo-Saxon England were: East Anglia. Mercia. Northumbria, including sub-kingdoms Bernicia and Deira. Wessex.
It is derived from the Greek words for “seven” and “rule.” The seven kingdoms were Northumbria, Mercia, East Anglia, Essex, Kent, Sussex, and Wessex.
Amesbury along with Stonehenge in Wiltshire is claimed to be Britain’s oldest settlement, dating back to 8820 BC according to a project led by the University of Buckingham. The place is said to have been a transport point with the River Avon acting as a transit route.
Moorish Kings of Europe: King Charles Stuart II – The Black Boy King of England 1630 – 1685 – by – Oguejiofo Annu. The word Stuart comes from the old nordish root Svart which means black.
Saltford Manor House, near Bath, Somerset Saltford Manor House claims the title of Britain’s oldest continuously occupied home. The house has details, particularly in the ornate windows, which date it to around 1148 – the same completion date of Hereford Cathedral, which has similar Norman features.
We have a Queen. The UK either has a King or a Queen depending on the line of succession. Marrying the Queen or the King does not entitle the wife or husband to become Queen or King. Therefore Prince Philip as the Queen’s husband is a Prince but not a King.
Historians teach that they are mostly descended from different peoples: the Irish from the Celts, and the English from the Anglo-Saxons who invaded from northern Europe and drove the Celts to the country’s western and northern fringes.
People born in Scotland are called Scottish or British and can say that they live in Scotland, Britain and/or the UK. Most people in Scotland will say they are Scottish rather than British. People born in Wales are called Welsh or British and can say that they live in Wales, Britain and/or the UK.
In 1066, Saxon England was rocked by the death of Harold II and his army by the invading Norman forces at the Battle of Hastings. Although no longer a kingdom itself, the culture and language of the Normans can still be seen in Northern France to this day.
The first people to be called ‘English’ were the Anglo-Saxons, a group of closely related Germanic tribes that began migrating to eastern and southern Great Britain, from southern Denmark and northern Germany, in the 5th century AD, after the Romans had withdrawn from Britain.
It is just a nuance of pronunciation which has, over time, drifted from its original form of ‘Angle’land: land of the Angles.