Sociolinguistics is a field of study which deals mostly with language use, particularly spoken language, but not the grammatical or phonetic structure of a language. Sociolinguists do not study a language or a linguistic variety as a closed system with no reference to speaker and social life.
Sociolinguists are interested in how we speak differently in varying social contexts, and how we may also use specific functions of language to convey social meaning or aspects of our identity. Sociolinguistics teaches us about real-life attitudes and social situations.
Sociolinguistics is defined as the study of how the people around you and your heritage can change the way you speak. An example of sociolinguistics is a study of Spanish and English being spoken together as Spanglish. noun.
Sociolinguistics is the study of language and how it is affected by the social setting in which language is used. It has a broad scope in its examination of the many and diverse ways that language and society intersect. Sociolinguistics examines the interplay of society and language.
There are two branches of sociolinguistics which approach this issue in different ways. These two branches are interactionist and variationist sociolinguistics.
While the study of sociolinguistics is very broad, there are a few fundamental concepts on which many sociolinguistic inquiries depend. Speech community. High prestige and low prestige varieties. Social network. Class aspiration. Social language codes. Covert prestige.
Aspiring linguists can pursue a bachelor’s, master’s, and/or doctorate degree(s) in linguistics, anthropology, computer science, cognitive neuroscience, English or foreign languages and literatures. A professional certificate or specialized training may be required.
Between them, phonetics / phonology, syntax and semantics/ pragmatics constitute the principal levels of linguistics. Whatever branch of the subject we look at we shall inevitably find ourselves talking about them.
Psychology has not recognized that language, although ever-present in human behavior and its context, does not constitute a psychological phenomenon. Although language always occurs as action (writing, reading, speaking, gesturing), it is more than actions with a special morphology.
Language performs various functions in the society and the society does the same way. If one will not exist, the other one will be affected. Language is the primary tool for communication purposes, for establishing peace and order in our society, for showing authority and power, and for attaining goals and objectives.
As a study which engaged the interaction between language and society, sociolinguistics has a huge effect in foreign language teaching to reach a better understanding of the language nature as well as its materilization along with the conception of the nature of society.
sociolinguistic variable: a linguistic feature which correlates with some. non-linguistic independent variable of social context: of the speaker, addressee, audience, setting, etc. so social variables like age, gender, race, style. (
The Scope of Linguistics Linguistics involves a vast, complex and systematic study, with different core areas such as phonology, phonetics, morphology, syntax and semantics. The application of linguistics extends from anthropology to speech therapy in modern medicine.
Micro – linguistics is a small scale observation of language, particularly dealing with the concepts of grammar, syntax, and individual words. Macro – linguistics deals with language and extra-lingual related phenomena as a whole, while Micro – linguistics deals with the analysis of specific linguistic data.
Traditional sociolinguistics is the study of the most common speech and writing patterns within a society.