Truth is the property of being in accord with fact or reality. In everyday language, truth is typically ascribed to things that aim to represent reality or otherwise correspond to it, such as beliefs, propositions, and declarative sentences.
Plato believed that there are truths to be discovered; that knowledge is possible. Since truth is objective, our knowledge of true propositions must be about real things. According to Plato, these real things are Forms. Their nature is such that the only mode by which we can know them is rationality.
Four factors determine the truthfulness of a theory or explanation: congruence, consistency, coherence, and usefulness. A true theory is congruent with our experience – meaning, it fits the facts. It is in principle falsifiable, but nothing falsifying it has been found.
(Entry 1 of 2) 1a(1): the body of real things, events, and facts: actuality. (2): the state of being the case: fact. (3) often capitalized: a transcendent fundamental or spiritual reality.
Kinds of truth Identity is the truth of description. A circle is round because we define a circle as round. Axiomatic truth is truth about the system. Historic truth is an event that actually happened. Experimental truth may not have the clear conceptual underpinnings of axiomatic truth, but it holds up to scrutiny.
Christ Jesus said, “Ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free” (John 8:32).
The three most widely accepted contemporary theories of truth are [i] the Correspondence Theory; [ii] the Semantic Theory of Tarski and Davidson; and [iii] the Deflationary Theory of Frege and Ramsey. The competing theories are [iv] the Coherence Theory, and [v] the Pragmatic Theory.
The correspondence theory is often traced back to Aristotle’s well-known definition of truth (Metaphysics 1011b25): “To say of what is that it is not, or of what is not that it is, is false, while to say of what is that it is, and of what is not that it is not, is true”—but virtually identical formulations can be found
Some defining characteristics of The Truth include: The Truth, unlike an opinion, is not open to reasonable debate. The Truth will encounter great opposition. The Truth is appropriate everywhere. The Truth does not require verification through reliable sources. The Truth is best communicated through repetition.
The Importance of Truth. Truth matters, both to us as individuals and to society as a whole. As individuals, being truthful means that we can grow and mature, learning from our mistakes. For society, truthfulness makes social bonds, and lying and hypocrisy break them.
There is such a thing as truth, but we often have a vested interest in ignoring it or outright denying it. Also, it’s not just thinking something that makes it true. Truth is not relative, it’s not subjective. It may be elusive or hidden.
It is often referred to as “jesting Pilate” or “What is truth?”, of Latin Quid est veritas? In it, Pontius Pilate questions Jesus’ claim that he is “witness to the truth ” (John 18:37).
|“What is Truth?” – stylized inscription in Catalan at entrance to Sagrada Família Basilica, Barcelona.|
|Book||Gospel of John|
Truth is an instance of quoting one or many of the facts while describing or discussing the subject. The difference between truth and fact is that fact is something that cannot be combated with reasoning, for it is logic itself. But truth is something which depends on a person’s perspective and experience.
It is a fact that cannot be changed. For example, there are no round squares. There are also no square circles. The angles of a triangle add up to 180 degrees.
Most often, the tense of the verb will indicate this, but there may be other ways in which the statement is qualified: for example, by saying when the statement was true. Truth is a noun, and the corresponding adjective is true. The word true also functions as a noun, a verb and an adverb.