A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a country’s elections. It is common for the members of a political party to have similar ideas about politics, and parties may promote specific ideological or policy goals.
A political party is made up of individuals who organize to win elections, operate government, and influence public policy. The Democratic and Republican parties are currently the primary parties in Congress. Learn more about political party divisions in the U.S. Senate.
A Political Party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. A political party has three components: The leaders. The active members. The followers.
The Democratic Party and the Republican Party are the most powerful. Yet other parties, such as the Reform, Libertarian, Socialist, Natural Law, Constitution, and Green Parties can promote candidates in a presidential election.
Since the 1850s, they have been the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. Since the last major party realignment in the mid-20th century, the Democratic Party has been the center-left and liberal party, and the Republican Party has been the center-right and conservative party.
The positions of the Republican Party have evolved over time. Currently, the party’s fiscal conservatism includes support for lower taxes, free market capitalism, deregulation of corporations, and restrictions on labor unions.
Advantages. Some historians have suggested that two-party systems promote centrism and encourage political parties to find common positions which appeal to wide swaths of the electorate. It can lead to political stability which leads, in turn, to economic growth.
Political factions or parties began to form during the struggle over ratification of the federal Constitution of 1787. Friction between them increased as attention shifted from the creation of a new federal government to the question of how powerful that federal government would be.
The functions performed by the political parties are: They contest elections. They introduce various policies and programmes for the people. They play an important role in decision-making to legislate and execute. These parties, when successful in elections, form and run the government.
|Country||Head of party||Party|
|Cuba||Raúl Castro, First Secretary||Communist Party of Cuba|
|Eritrea||Isaias Afwerki, Chairperson||People’s Front for Democracy and Justice|
|Laos||Bounnhang Vorachith, General Secretary||Lao People’s Revolutionary Party|
|North Korea||Kim Jong-un, Chairman||Workers’ Party of Korea|
When several parties in a multi-party system join hands for the purpose of contesting elections and winning power it is called an alliance or a front.
Various challenges faced by political parties: Lack of internal democracy. Increased dependence on money and muscle power. Failure to provide a meaningful choice to the voters.
In some democracies, there are only two big political parties. For example, in the United States, there is the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. Some other parties exist but are very small and do not hold seats in Congress. In other countries there are larger numbers of parties.
The main goal of a political party is to try to control the government by getting its candidates elected.
The United States has only two major political parties: the Democrats and the Republicans. There are also smaller parties that aren’t as well known. These major parties have a duopoly, meaning that they share almost all the political power in the country.