|Succeeded by||John Harmon|
|Born||Antonin Gregory ScaliaMarch 11, 1936 Trenton, New Jersey, U.S|
|Died||February 13, 2016 (aged 79) Shafter, Texas, U.S.|
On March 16, 2016, President Barack Obama nominated Merrick Garland for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States to succeed Antonin Scalia, who had died one month earlier.
Justice Scalia, one of the most forceful modern advocates for originalism, defined himself as belonging to the latter category: The theory of originalism treats a constitution like a statute, and gives it the meaning that its words were understood to bear at the time they were promulgated.
No Supreme Court Justice has ever been assassinated. There was however, one attempt at murdering a Justice. In 1859 the future Associate Justice Stephen Johnson Field became Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court, because the former chief justice of the California Court, David S.
They have several options: go back to the requirement of a supermajority for Supreme Court nominees; require an actual majority, i.e., 51 senators, to confirm a Supreme Court nominee; or allow confirmation of a justice by a tie vote broken by the vice president whose president made the nomination.
Nomination and confirmation Four years later, in 1986, Reagan nominated him to replace William Rehnquist as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States after Rehnquist had been nominated by Reagan to serve as Chief Justice of the United States. The Senate approved Scalia in a vote of 98-0.
George Washington holds the record for most Supreme Court nominations, with 14 nominations (12 of which were confirmed). Making the second-most nominations were Franklin D.
If McConnell does not manage to pull off a vote before Election Day, a vote by the end of the year appears to be well within reach. Going back to 1975, it has taken about 67 days on average for an associate justice to be confirmed after being nominated. Sixty-seven days from Saturday is Dec. 2.
Textualism is a method of statutory interpretation whereby the plain text of a statute is used to determine the meaning of the legislation. Instead of attempting to determine statutory purpose or legislative intent, textualists adhere to the objective meaning of the legal text.
The Supreme Court, the country’s highest judicial tribunal, was to sit in the Nation’s Capital, and was initially composed of a Chief Justice and five Associate Justices.