Without a canner you are limited to canning high-acid foods. A pressure canner boiling water at 15PSI raises the boiling point to 250F or so which will kill the spores. The bacterium cannot grow in a high acid environment and so high-acid foods such as fruit and pickles do not need to be processed in a pressure canner.
You may can peppers (hot or sweet). You can can them, pickled, or plain. Pickled peppers can be water-bathed or steam- canned. Unpickled plain ones must be pressure canned as per the directions below.
The easiest way to preserve peppers is to freeze them. Peppers are one of the few vegetables that can be frozen without having to blanch first. Surprisingly, frozen peppers do not turn to mush when thawed either. They do lose some of their crispness, but maintain the flavor of fresh peppers.
To keep the pickled jalapeños crisp and crunchy, use Pickle Crisp by Ball or Mrs. Wage’s Xtra Crunch. Both products are calcium chloride, which is a type of salt that keeps canned produce firm, among other things. To use, add 1/4 teaspoon per pint to keep the peppers crisp.
The Canning Pot While they are designed to be big enough for a bunch of jars and tall enough to hold enough water for water-bath canning, you do NOT have to have a special canning pot in order to water-bath can. A normal large stock pot and lid from your kitchen can totally work for canning purposes.
Place the lid on top, and screw the rings in place. Add a rack or kitchen towel to the bottom of your stock pot to prevent jars rattling. Place still warm jars in the heating water. Submerge the jars entirely with water 2-3″ above the lids and bring to a boil.
Fill a clean pint or quart jar to within an inch of the top with the chopped peppers. Pour in white vinegar to cover all peppers. Cover with a plastic lid if possible, as the vinegar will gradually corrode metal lids. Store the jar in the back of your refrigerator for up to 12 months.
Pack pepper pieces into clean pint or half pint jars. Add 1/2 teaspoon of salt to the pint jars or 1/4 teaspoon of salt to the half-pint jars. Fill with boiling water, leaving 1″ headspace. Affix lids and rings, then process in a pressure canner for 35 minutes.
Extra Poblanos? Here’s What To Do With Poblano Peppers Roast them. Roasted poblano peppers are tasty on its own with no further steps, but the peppers are often ingredients in other dishes. Dry them (if you have red poblanos ) Make a poblano cream sauce. Whip up a poblano corn chowder. Make a Chilean pebre sauce. Make an enchilada sauce (also great as a dipper)
The peppers thaw quickly on the counter top. You can also store roasted peppers in olive oil and in the fridge for about two weeks.
How to Preserve Tomatoes and Peppers Freeze tomatoes to process later when the weather is cooler and the garden has slowed down. Freeze a variety of summer peppers to avoid those overpriced winter imports. Dehydrating tomatoes is the best space- saving method of storing them.
Add the roasted pepper strips to a cleaned, sterilized jar. Pour in enough olive oil to cover, then cover with a tightened lid. Be sure to make airtight. Refrigerate immediately.
Vinegar -based pickling is a much faster process than fermentation pickling. In its quickest form, you ‘ll just boil a vinegar solution, pour it over the the object of your pickling desire, let it all cool and stash it in the fridge.
Whether you’re storing your pickled peppers in the pantry or in the refrigerator, you’ll want to give them at least three weeks to develop their full tart, spicy flavor. So pickle your peppers soon, while they’re fresh from the farm or garden, and they’re sure to be ready in time for Thanksgiving dinner.
Calcium Chloride is a generic firming agent that can be used in pickling. Many people like it and swear by the results; a few still say that nothing will ever replace the crispness of an actual limed pickle.