Typical corn harvest dates vary across the country based on a number of factors, however, the Corn Belt (the majority producer of our nation’s corn), typically prepares to begin the fall harvest sometime in September.
Some vegetables actually ripen and improve in flavor after being picked. Not corn. Corn always tastes best freshly plucked from the stalk. That’s because, once picked, the sugars in corn immediately begin to break down and turn to starch.
Corn Varieties and Tasseling Time Early varieties of sweet corn generally require 70 to 80 days to reach maturity, while main crop types may require up to 100 days. The corn tassels about 20 days before the kernels are ready for harvest.
Indian corn is ripe and ready for harvest when the outer husks turn brown. Removing the ears from the stalks is easy. Simply grasp the stalk with one hand and the ear with your other hand, then rip the ear off with a downward motion.
To keep your garden soil healthy and disease-free in 2015, I suggest cleaning up all the cornstalks as soon as the harvest is over. You can roto-till the cornstalks into the soil as additional organic matter, or, if you prefer, shred them. Roto-tilling the stalks will normally take two passes a few weeks apart.
The advantages of perennial crops is well known. Perennial plants are plants that are planted once and grow many times through many seasons thus saving time and money. Since its discovery in the 1980s, the knowledge that corn could be perennial has been known for many years now.
Only shuck the corn right before you plan on using it. The husks keep the corn from drying out. If the corn is too bulky to fit in your refrigerator, you can remove a few of the outside leaves, but keep at least a couple of layers of husk intact. This will help keep them moist.
Corn Expiration Date
|Fresh Corn lasts for||5-7 Days|
|Cooked Corn lasts for||5-7 Days|
They have, however, been linked to severe drought stress, poor soil moisture and uneven heating of the corn cob. “Severe drought stress symptoms then kicked in shortly after pollination, which could produce short cobs as well as poor kernel set.”
The topping of plants is for seed corn production. The tassels are removed so that plants can only be pollinated by other plants. This is the process of hybrid seed. Hybrid seed results in much better plant vigor and yield.
Timing is important because if you detassel too early yield may decrease. If you wait too long, the corn plant will start to pollinate itself. The window of the growing season to detassel is usually only 16-20 days long. Detasselers must remove 99.7% of the tassels in the female rows.
The leaf collar method is generally used for staging vegetative ( V ) development of corn. When corn seedlings emerge from the soil and no leaf collars have formed, plants are in the VE stage. When the plant has one visible leaf collar, it is in the V1 stage.
Corn is best when you harvest it early in the morning. Grasp the ear firmly and pull down, then twist and pull. Harvest only as much as you can eat in a day for the first few days, but make sure you harvest the entire crop while it is in the milky stage. Pull up the corn stalks immediately after harvest.
The seeds of Indian corn have to be chucked from the corn cob to be used. Once removed, they can be used for popping into popcorn, or ground to make what is known as masa. The ground masa, or corn meal is then used for lots of dishes including grits, polenta, tamales and masa cakes.
Despite its tough exterior, this type of corn can be consumed by livestock and humans, and is used in such dishes as hominy and polenta.