FAQ: What is the most common infectious disease worldwide quizlet?

FAQ: What is the most common infectious disease worldwide quizlet?

What is the most common infectious disease worldwide?

According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population.

What is a common infectious disease?

Mayo Clinic: “ Infectious Diseases,” “Chlamydia trachomatis,” “Gonorrhea,” “Syphilis,” “Salmonella infection,” “Shigella infection,” “Hepatitis C,” “Influenza (flu),” “Staph infections,” “E. coli,” “Genital herpes,” “Norovirus infection,” ”Pneumonia,” “HIV/AIDS,” “ Common cold.”

What are global infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases are the leading cause of global morbidity and mortality [2]. The “big 3” pathogens—HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria—cause hundreds of millions of infections annually and collectively kill more than 5 million people each year, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.

What are the 4 most common causes of infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases can be caused by: Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis. Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS. Fungi. Parasites.

What is the rarest disease on Earth?

Five rare diseases you never knew existed Stoneman Syndrome. Frequency: one in two million people. Alice In Wonderland Syndrome (AIWS) Frequency: currently unknown. Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) Frequency: one in four million. Alkaptonuria. Frequency: one in one million people globally. Chronic Focal Encephalitis (Rasmussen’s Encephalitis)

What disease causes most deaths worldwide?

The leading cause is cardiovascular disease at 31.59% of all deaths.

What are 5 common types of infectious diseases?

Common Infectious Diseases Chickenpox. Common cold. Diphtheria. E. coli. Giardiasis. HIV/AIDS. Infectious mononucleosis. Influenza (flu)

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What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

What are the top 5 common viral infections?

Other common viral diseases include: Chickenpox. Flu ( influenza ) Herpes. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS) Human papillomavirus (HPV) Infectious mononucleosis. Mumps, measles and rubella. Shingles.

What infectious disease is the biggest killer?

Lower respiratory tract infections (including pneumonia) account for more than 4 million deaths worldwide each year—the greatest global killer among infectious diseases.

How can infectious diseases be prevented?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious Diseases Wash your hands often. Get vaccinated. Use antibiotics sensibly. Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. Be smart about food preparation. Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. Practice safer sex. Don’t share personal items.

Which highly communicable disease is considered a global health issue?

Communicable diseases remain a major global public health threat worldwide. For example, malaria and HIV/AIDS are mass killers, with the populations in poor countries being hit the hardest.

What role do genes play in infectious diseases?

A complex combination of environmental, pathogen and host genetic factors plays a role in determining both susceptibility to particular microbes and the course of infection. Numerous studies have now mapped and identified relevant genes using a variety of both family-based and population-based approaches.

What is the most common infectious disease in the United States?

Viral hepatitis, influenza, and tuberculosis (TB ) remain among the leading causes of illness and death in the United States and account for substantial spending on the related consequences of infection.

Harold Plumb

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