The Geography of California
|Longitude / Latitude||Longitude: 114° 8′ W to 124° 24′ W Latitude: 32° 30′ N to 42° N||California base and elevation maps|
|East to West North to South||560 miles: greatest distance East to West. 1,040 miles: greatest distance North to South.|
From north to south, California falls into these lines of longitude: 114° 8′ W to 124° 24′ W. From east to west, California falls into these lines of latitude: 32° 30′ N to 42° N. You can find out where a city in California falls by taking two steps. First, count across the degrees of longitude.
Get the coordinates of a place On your Android phone or tablet, open the Google Maps app. Touch and hold an area of the map that isn’t labeled. You’ll see a red pin appear. You’ll see the coordinates in the search box at the top.
The horizontal lines are latitude and the vertical lines are longitude.
The states of Nevada and Arizona border California on the east.
Longitude lines are simply half-circles, therefore, if you align them out at 1° arc, then it turns to be 360 degrees. The South Pole and the North Pole have separated by 180 ° apart, The longitude lines cross from the North Pole to the South Pole.
There are 360 degrees of longitude and the longitude line of 0 degrees is known as the Prime Meridian and it divides the world into the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere.
California’s climate varies widely from hot desert to alpine tundra, depending on latitude, elevation, and proximity to the coast. California ‘s coastal regions, the Sierra Nevada foothills, and much of the Central Valley have a Mediterranean climate, with warmer, drier weather in summer and cooler, wetter weather in
Introduce the concepts of latitude and longitude. Tell students that the lines running across the page are lines of latitude, and the lines running up and down the page are lines of longitude. Latitude runs 0–90° north and south. Longitude runs 0–180° east and west.
The first number is always the latitude and the second is the longitude. It easy to remember which is which if you think of the two coordinates in alphabetical terms: latitude comes before longitude in the dictionary.
If you already know a location’s coordinates, you can use them to search for that location: Open Google Earth. In the Search box in the left-hand panel, enter coordinates using one of these formats: Decimal Degrees: such as 37.7°, -122.2°
Lines of latitude (parallels) run east – west around the globe and are used to measure distances NORTH and SOUTH of the equator. Since the equator is 0, the latitude of the north pole, 1/4 of the way around the globe going in a northerly direction, would be 90 N.
These lines are known as parallels. A circle of latitude is an imaginary ring linking all points sharing a parallel. The Equator is the line of 0 degrees latitude.
: a line perpendicular to a surface or to another line considered as a base: such as. a: a line perpendicular to the horizon. b: a line parallel to the sides of a page or sheet as distinguished from a horizontal line.