Whether you use the masculine or feminine article depends on the gender of the following noun: abeja (bee) is a feminine noun, so ‘the bee’ is ‘la abeja’. Bolígrafo (pen) is a masculine noun, so ‘the pen’ is ‘el bolígrafo’.
The indefinite article is the word “a” or “an.” It is used before a noun to define it as something non-specific (e.g., something generic or something mentioned for the first time). I’m a pirate.
The Spanish indefinite articles are un, una, unos and unas. Just like the definite articles, each corresponds to a gender and to a number.
Lápiz is gendered masculine in Spansh, so the definite article is el and the indefinite article is un.
Definite Articles / Artículos definidos
|Article – English||Noun – Spanish|
|masculine, singular||the||el bolígrafo|
|masculine, plural||the||los bolígrafos|
|feminine, singular||the||la manzana|
|feminine, plural||the||las manzanas|
Spanish has definite and indefinite articles as well. However, as mentioned before, Spanish speakers must suit the form of the article to the gender of the noun it precedes. How to Say “The” in Spanish.
|Masculine||el chico – the boy||los chicos – the boys|
|Feminine||la chica – the girl||las chicas – the girls|
Articles are used before nouns or noun equivalents and are a type of adjective. The definite article (the) is used before a noun to indicate that the identity of the noun is known to the reader. The indefinite article (a, an) is used before a noun that is general or when its identity is not known.
: the word a or an used in English to refer to a person or thing that is not identified or specified In “I gave a book to the boy” the word “a” is an indefinite article and the word “the” is a definite article.
Indefinite articles are used when we are referring to an unspecified thing or quantity. We use them when we don’t know (or don’t care) which thing we’re talking about.
The word any is the indefinite article for plural nouns, regardless of what the next word is.
In English, the two indefinite articles are a and an. Like other articles, indefinite articles are invariable. You use one or the other, depending on the first letter of the word following the article, for pronunciation reasons.
Bandera is a feminine word and can be used only with a feminine article. This is called agreement—the noun and article must agree or “match” each other; el bandera is not grammatically correct. Now consider el libro.
When a feminine and singular noun begins with a stressed á, a, or ha, the masculine definite article is used instead, to aide in pronunciation. When the same noun is plural, the regular feminine article is used. Definite articles.
|El Hombre||Los Hombres|
In Spanish we can look at the article (the little word that means “the” or “a”) For example: El borrador = the eraser the word “ el ” tells us that it is masculine. La escuela = the school “la” tells us that it is Feminine. A general rule is “if it ends in “o”, it’s masculine. If it ends in “a” it’s feminine.”