Most men and women wore simple clothes. Men would wear a loincloth and cloak, whilst women wore a simple dress. Wealthy and important Maya often wore animal skins and highly decorative headdresses . They would also wear jewellery made from jade (a precious stone).
Clothing Materials The most common materials used for ancient Mayan clothing were cotton , bark cloth, and hemp fibre . It has also been suggested that bark cloth was mainly reserved for ritual clothing. Mayans had access to two different types of cotton .
A boy’s job was to learn from his father how to do the same occupation as his father.” Young girls were expected to perform household duties, while young boys were to help their fathers in farming. Mostly women raised the children , but “When a boy was about four or five his father began the training of his son.”
The clothing worn by the Maya depended on the region they lived in and their social status. Commoners wore simpler clothing . The men often wore loincloths while the women wore long skirts. Both men and women would use a blanket called a manta to wrap around their shoulders when it was cold.
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
Both Mayan men and women got tattoos , although men put off tattoos until they were married. Mayan women preferred delicate tattoos on their upper bodies although not on their breasts. Men got tattoos on their arms, legs, backs, hands and face. Getting a tattoo was painful.
The Maya dead were laid to rest with maize placed in their mouth. Maize, highly important in Maya culture, is a symbol of rebirth and also was food for the dead for the journey to the otherworld. Similarly, a jade or stone bead placed in the mouth served as currency for this journey.
Two thousand years ago, the ancient Maya developed one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas. They developed a written language of hieroglyphs and invented the mathematical concept of zero. With their expertise in astronomy and mathematics, the Maya developed a complex and accurate calendar system.
The Mayans and the Aztecs believed (and perhaps some people still do) that chocolate was a gift from the gods. The Aztecs in particular revered the drink – they gave it to victorious warriors after battle, would use it during religious rituals, and even used cacao beans as currency.
The Maya participated in various religious rituals. Not all of these were related to human sacrifice, although sacrifice was a common practice in religious ceremonies. By far the most common sacrifice ritual was bloodletting. By far the most common Maya sacrifice ritual was bloodletting.
Mayans everyday lives were busy, either with jobs, trading, producing crops and goods, ceremonies, games, dancing, writing, and astronomy and mathematics. Mayans made a writing system that used hieroglyphs, which each picture had its own meaning.
Maya Leisure Time Maya enjoyed their leisure time by playing or watching a very popular ceremonial ball game. This game was played on a long, narrow court with spectators sitting above. A rubber ball had to hit a marker or be propelled through a high stone ring without the use of hands.