The varying positions of the Mayan people included government figureheads and officials , priests, professionals, merchants, farmers , artists , and
Different households specialized in making certain kinds of crafts, including pottery, cloth, and stone tools they traded. – Mayans : The Mayas mostly depended on agriculture for the economy and growth. The Maya people depended mostly on trading their produce with other Maya communities neighboring.
The typical peasant worked as a farmer . At the start of the day, the wife would get up early and start a fire for cooking. Then the husband would leave to go work at the fields. After a hard day working at the fields, the farmer would come home and bathe.
The position of king was usually inherited by the oldest son. If there wasn’t a son then the oldest brother became king. However, there were also many cases of women rulers . Commoners had to pay taxes in order to support the king and the nobles.
Instead, like many early civilizations, they were thought to mostly barter, trading items such as tobacco, maize, and clothing.
Kids and School. In the ancient Maya society, there was a special class of priest whose job was to teach the children of the nobles. That priest, or group of priests, taught math, science, astronomy, medicine, writing, and other subjects. But there was no formal school for the children of commoners.
Most Maya today observe a religion composed of ancient Maya ideas, animism and Catholicism . Some Maya still believe, for example, that their village is the ceremonial centre of a world supported at its four corners by gods. When one of these gods shifts his burden, they believe, it causes an earthquake.
Two thousand years ago, the ancient Maya developed one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas. They developed a written language of hieroglyphs and invented the mathematical concept of zero. With their expertise in astronomy and mathematics, the Maya developed a complex and accurate calendar system.
The Maya had a system of serfdom and slavery . Serfs typically worked lands that belonged to the ruler or local town leader. There was an active slave trade in the Maya region, and commoners and elites were both permitted to own slaves .
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
The Maya dead were laid to rest with maize placed in their mouth. Maize, highly important in Maya culture, is a symbol of rebirth and also was food for the dead for the journey to the otherworld. Similarly, a jade or stone bead placed in the mouth served as currency for this journey.
Blood was viewed as a potent source of nourishment for the Maya deities, and the sacrifice of a living creature was a powerful blood offering. By extension, the sacrifice of a human life was the ultimate offering of blood to the gods, and the most important Maya rituals culminated in human sacrifice .
Classic Maya Rulers. While there is little evidence of monarchies in early Maya cities, the Classic period saw the rise of one legendary revered king. The rule of K’inich Janaab ‘ Pakal the Great, or Janaab’ Pakal I, of the Late-classic city of Palenque was one of great acclaim.
Maya kings were the centers of power for the Maya civilization. Each Maya city-state was controlled by a dynasty of kings . The position of king was usually inherited by the oldest son.