Hero Twins Hunahpu and Xbalanque (also given as Ixbalanque ) are the two great mythical heroes of the Maya whose story is preserved in the Quiche Maya work `The Popol Vuh’.
The Hero Twins are Born Their names were Hunahpu and Xbalanque. Just like their father and uncle, the Hero Twins were great ballplayers. They were also loud and annoyed the gods of the underworld. Soon the Lords of Death summoned them to come play a game of ball in the underworld.
In explaining how the Mayan gods created the world, the Popol Vuh features the Hero Twins, Hunahpu and Xbalanque, who were transformed into, respectively, the Sun and the Moon.
Names and calendrical functions The name ” Xbalanque ” (pronounced [ʃɓalaŋˈke]) has been variously translated as ‘Jaguar Sun’ (x-balam-que), ‘Hidden Sun’ (x-balan-que), and ‘Jaguar Deer’ (x-balam-quieh).
Tale summary. In the account told by the Popol Vuh, Xquic went to investigate a calabash tree where the Lords of Xibalba had displayed the severed head of Hun Hunahpu, whom they had sacrificed. As she did so the skull spat upon her hand, and through this act she became pregnant with Hun Hunahpu’s twin sons.
They can represent another aspect of the self, a doppelgänger, or a shadow. However, twins can also reflect a complete opposition of the other, such as the “civilized” Gilgamesh, and the “wild” Enkidu; or in the commonly known instance of good and evil twin identities.
Seven Macaw and his sons are deemed worthy of punishment not because they are liars, but because they are braggarts. This is a real affront to Hurricane, Hunahpu, and Xbalanque.
Click anywhere on the main page to close this window. the patron god of beekeepers. Xbalanque (or Yax-Balam), together with his brother Hunahpu, was responsible for defeating the lords of the underworld through trickery and athletic prowess in order to restore to life his father the Maize God .
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So Xbalanque dismembered his twin and cut out his heart. The Twins took the head of One Hunahpu from the tree in which it hung, and they put him back together and restored him to life. They left him there in a place of honor beside the ballcourt in Xibalba.
How does Xmucane treat Xquic at first and then the hero-twins when they are born? She celebrates both Xquic’s arrival and the birth of the hero-twins. She tests Xquic to see if she truly is her daughter-in-law; then, although Xquic passes the test, when hero-twins are born she rejects them at first .
The Mayan Pantheon: Gods and Goddesses – Itzamná This is one of the most important gods of the Mayan Gods. – Chaac . This is the famous Maya rain god. – Ix Chel . Ix Chel is known as La Blanca and is one of the most important goddesses in the vast Maya Pantheon. – Kinich Ahau . – Hun Nal Ye. – Ah Puch . – Ek Chuah. – Kukulcán God.
What happens to Hunbatz and Hunchouen ? The hero-twins turn them into monkeys because of their arrogan behavior. They become famous as musicians and help their half-brothers, the hero-twins, achieve their goal. They die and descend to Xibalba where they help devise ways to trick and torment the hero-twins.