The Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations ate simple food. Corn ( maize ) was the central food in their diet, along with vegetables such as beans and squash . Potatoes and a tiny grain called quinoa were commonly grown by the Incas.
Corn Tortillas The Maya creation myth says people were made of masa ( corn dough), and this remains the essential element of the indigenous Maya diet. Hot off the comal, tortillas are immensely satisfying, an ideal accompaniment to Guatemalan black beans , a perfect base for a layer of guacamole .
The Mayans consumed xocolatl on a daily basis, much like how we drink our morning coffee . That changed drastically when the Mayan civilization gave way to the Aztecs. The Aztec people did not grow their own cocoa beans and had to trade for the beans. Therefore, they placed a higher value on the xocolatl drink .
Maize was the central food in their diet, along with vegetables such as beans and squashes . Potatoes and a tiny grain called quinoa were commonly grown by the Incas. Avocados and tomatoes were mainly eaten by the Aztecs and Maya, along with a wide variety of fruit.
First, they began to domesticate some animals for food, like turkey and dog, but their diet also included products from the sea, such as fish, lobster, shrimp and seafood, and a variety of wild animals, such as rabbits, monkeys , armadillo, and more. As in our modern society, not all Mayans ate the same.
Fruits eaten included guava , papaya , avocado , custard apple , and sweetsop . A frothy chocolate drink and honey were also popular desserts. Another very popular drink was pulque beer, known to the Maya as chih and made from fermented agave juice.
The ancient Maya never used coins as money . Instead, like many early civilizations, they were thought to mostly barter, trading items such as tobacco, maize, and clothing.
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
The Mayans and the Aztecs believed (and perhaps some people still do) that chocolate was a gift from the gods. The Aztecs in particular revered the drink – they gave it to victorious warriors after battle, would use it during religious rituals, and even used cacao beans as currency.
The history of chocolate can be traced to the ancient Mayans , and even earlier to the ancient Olmecs of southern Mexico. The word chocolate may conjure up images of sweet candy bars and luscious truffles, but the chocolate of today is little like the chocolate of the past.
What did the Ancient Mayans Eat ? Tamales. Corn Tortillas. Chocolate. Traditional Breakfast . Avocados and Guacamole. Poc Chuc.