The tribe of Judah boasts several noteworthy descendants including King Solomon and King David. David was a mighty king of Israel who not only conquered and retook Jerusalem but also brought the Ark of the Covenant to the city.
Instead, the people of Judah were exiled to Babylon about 586, but were eventually able to return and rebuild their nation. In time, the tribe of Judah became identified with the entire Hebrew nation and gave its name to the people known today as the Jews.
Tribe of Judah
Judah (Hebrew: יְהוּדָה, Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yehūḏā) was, according to the Book of Genesis, the fourth son of Jacob and Leah, the founder of the Israelite Tribe of Judah.
The tribe of Judah had its beginnings with Judah, the son of Jacob and Leah. The tribe became the seat of the Israelite monarchy, making Judahites extremely important since they were the rulers. Because they were rulers and because of Jacob’s blessing of Judah, the lion became the symbol of the tribe.
The descendants of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin have survived as Jews because they were allowed to return to their homeland after the Babylonian Exile of 586 bc.
Jesus is a lineal descendant of a royal bloodline. The Book of Matthew 1:1-17 describes Jesus’ bloodline, which spans 42 generations. Jesus’ bloodline includes King Solomon and King David. Jesus experienced marriage and produced offspring with Mary Magdalene.
The city fell after a siege, which lasted either eighteen or thirty months, and Nebuchadnezzar again pillaged both Jerusalem and the Temple and then destroyed both. After killing all of Zedekiah’s sons, Nebuchadnezzar took Zedekiah to Babylon and so put an end to the independent Kingdom of Judah.
After the death of Solomon, the country was divided into two independent kingdoms. The southern region came to be called Judah which consisted of the tribes of Benjamin and Judah. Jerusalem was their capital. The northern region was called Israel which comprised the remaining ten tribes.
The legal genealogy of Jesus is given in Matthew 1, and traces the family of Joseph, the adopted father of Jesus. This double lineage placed Jesus firmly in the tribe of Judah through both his mother, and through his adopted father.
From the Hebrew name יְהוּדָה (Yehudah), probably derived from יָדָה (yadah) meaning “praise”. In the Old Testament Judah is the fourth of the twelve sons of Jacob by Leah, and the ancestor of the tribe of Judah. The name appears in the New Testament using the spellings Judas and Jude.
The tribe of Judah settled in the region south of Jerusalem and in time became the most powerful and most important tribe. Not only did it produce the great kings David and Solomon but also, it was prophesied, the Messiah would come from among its members.