Cheyenne, North American Plains Indians who spoke an Algonquian language and inhabited the regions around the Platte and Arkansas rivers during the 19th century. Before 1700 the Cheyenne lived in what is now central Minnesota, where they farmed, hunted, gathered wild rice, and made pottery.
The Cheyenne Today A total of 7,502 people reside on the Tongue River in Wyoming (Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation), and another 387 live on the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation in Oklahoma. Both reservations are recognized by the U.S. government, and have their own governing bodies and constitutions.
Tribal enrollment figures, as of late 2014, indicate that there are approximately 10,840 members, of which about 4,939 reside on the reservation. Approximately 91% of the population are Native Americans (full or part race), with 72.8% identifying themselves as Cheyenne.
The tribe call themselves ” Tsis tsis’tas” (Tse-TSES-tas) which means “the beautiful people”. The Cheyenne Nation is comprised of ten bands, spread all over the Great Plains, from southern Colorado to the Black Hills in South Dakota.
The Cheyenne are a tribe of Algonquian linguistic stock who were closely allied with the Arapaho and Gros Ventre and loosely allied with the Lakota Sioux. One of the most prominent of the Plains tribes, they primarily lived and hunted on hills and prairies alongside the Missouri and Red Rivers.
The Comanches, known as the “Lords of the Plains”, were regarded as perhaps the most dangerous Indians Tribes in the frontier era. One of the most compelling stories of the Wild West is the abduction of Cynthia Ann Parker, Quanah’s mother, who was kidnapped at age 9 by Comanches and assimilated into the tribe.
Interesting Facts about the Cheyenne Tribe The buffalo was a major part of the Cheyenne culture and way of life. The buffalo provided their food, shelter, and clothing. Each year, the Cheyenne bands would come together for four days during the Spring to celebrate the Sun Dance ceremony.
Walt Longmire’s fictional biography Walt is a native of Durant, Wyoming, the county seat of fictional Absaroka County named after the real-life Absaroka native Americans and the Absaroka Range.
It is of Native American Indian origin, and the meaning of Cheyenne is “unintelligible speakers”. From the French name “shaiyena”. Name of a Native American tribe. The Cheyennes were famous for their courage in battle, and the capital city of Wyoming is named after the tribe.
The Dog Soldiers who were a military society comprised of Southern Cheyenne, Northern Cheyenne and Lakotas, played a dominant role in the Cheyenne resistance to American expansion in the traditional territory of the Cheyenne, which includes Colorado.
The religion and beliefs of the Cheyenne tribe was based on Animism that encompassed the spiritual or religious idea that the universe and all natural objects animals, plants, trees, rivers, mountains rocks etc have souls or spirits. The Great Plains tribes such as the Cheyenne believed in Manitou, the Great Spirit.
Dull Knife, (born c. 1810, Rosebud River, Montana Territory [U.S.]—died 1883, Tongue River Indian Reservation, Montana Territory), chief of the northern Cheyenne who led his people on a desperate trek from confinement in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) to their home in Montana. He was known to his people as Morning Star.
Only 90 minutes north of Denver, Colorado, Cheyenne sits as the northern anchor city of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. Cheyenne is the capital of Wyoming, the seat of Laramie County and the site of F.E. Warren Air Force Base.
The tribe split (c. 1830) when a large group decided to settle on the upper Arkansas River and take advantage of the trade facilities offered by Bent’s Fort. This group became known as the Southern Cheyenne. The incident aroused the Cheyenne to fury, and a bitter war followed.
After the Revolution After the American victory, the British ceded their claim to land in the colonies, and the Americans forced their allies, the Mohawks and others, to give up their territories in New York. Most of the Mohawks migrated to Canada, where the Crown gave them some land in compensation.
Who Were the Cheyenne? The Cheyenne tribe consisted of Native Americans that began as a woodland people in Minnesota before events of the late 1600s forced them into nomadic life on the Great Plains.